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25 of the rarest dog breeds



While nearly 200 dog breeds are recognized by the American Kennel Club, some of our four-legged companions are less common than others.

Says Brandi Hunter, AKC’s Deputy Head of Public Relations and Communications. Newsweek There are often specific reasons for the decline in popularity of the endangered species.

“As with clothing trends and puppy names, different breeds keep going in style. It is also likely that pop culture plays a big role in preferences.

“Sometimes the decline in popularity is associated with the purpose of creating a breed, when that job is no longer needed, the number of species decreases.

For example, Otterhounds, which, as their name suggests, were bred to hunt otters as their popularity in England declined significantly when otter hunting was banned in 1

978.

But, she said, the rare breed can make great pets.

“For people looking for a species that will stand out in crowds or want to help preserve a declining species, the rare one may be ideal.

“It is the responsibility of the owners of rare species to inform everyone interested in their breed to spread awareness and help the breed grow.”

Take a look at some of the rarest dog breeds in the United States.

Azawakh

Asawak
The young Azawakh galloped towards a camera on the Azawakh beach, West Africa’s tall and majestic mammal.
Animalinfo / Getty Images

There is an increasing number of devotees of the rare Azawakh, a tall and graceful West African mammal with a fine coat that comes in a variety of colors.

The AKC website states: “Well suited to its legacy, Azawakh excelled as a friend, defender and temptress in the US.”

Bedlington Terrier

BEDLINGTON TERRIER
Bedlington Terrier puppies pose with their seductive tongues. These cute and cuddly dogs, bred for hard work in mine shafts, are quite rare in most countries outside the UK.
SergeyTikhomirov / Getty Images

These cute and cuddly dogs, bred for hard work in mine shafts, are quite rare in most countries outside the UK.

The AKC describes Bedlington Terriers as “generous companions, watchdogs, versatile athletes and irresistibly cuddly TV mates.”

Beaver Terrier

Beaver Terrier
A rare breed, the Biewer Terrier was officially recognized by the AKC in January 2021.
Olchanskiy / Getty Images

The Biewer Terrier, officially recognized by the AKC in January 2021, is an elegant black, white, and tan long haired terrier.

These rare purebred dogs are known for their friendly, playful and energetic qualities, making them excellent pets for small families.

Catahoula Leopard Dog

Catahoula Leopard Dog
The Catahoula Leopard is a versatile working dog that combines power with agility and patience.
Eudyptula / Getty Images

The Catahoula Leopard is a versatile working dog that combines power with agility and patience.

This rare breed, whose origins are spanish puppies and Native American dogs, are distinguished by their beautiful, leopards-like brown leopards on their short fur.

Chesky terrier

Chesky terrier
A rare breed, the Cesky Terrier, lying by the fireplace.
VSFP / Getty Images

The Czech Republic’s national dog is a smart and inquisitive indoor companion for children who enjoy being outside for long periods of time.

The short-legged and handsome Cesky Terrier is quite rare, with the AKC suggesting that there are fewer than 600 dogs in the United States.

Chinook

CHINOOK
The Chinook is a muscular work dog and a devoted family pet that was developed in the United States for the 20th century’s draft and sled dog racing.
American Kennel Club

The Chinook is a muscular work dog and a devoted family pet that was developed in the United States for the 20th century’s draft and sled dog racing.

Guinness World Records lists the Chinook as the rarest of all dog breed. Fri 1965, with only 125 examples

Dandie Dinmont Terrier

Dandie Dinmont Terrier
The tiny Dandie Dinmont Terrier runs towards the field camera. The unique-looking Dandie Dinmont Terrier is a tough but elegant little destroyer.
LourdesPhotography / Getty Images

The unique-looking Dandie Dinmont Terrier is a small, robust and graceful destroyer that was bred to meet the demands of farm life. But they will be equally at home in an urban environment.

Despite the Dandie Dinmont’s small size, this very rare dog breed has a big personality.

English Foxhound

English Foxhound
The English Foxhound is one of the rarest American breeds.
Accepting Images / Getty

Although this pack-oriented dog breed is gentle and sociable, English Foxhounds are rarely found in family homes due to their strong vestibular instincts.

As a result, prospective owners of one of America’s rarest dogs should be aware that these predators require a lot of exercise and attention.

Estrela Mountain Dog

Estrela Mountain Dog
It is believed that this large dog, named after the Estrela Mountains, is very rare outside Portugal.
Slowmotiongli / Getty Images

Estrela Mountain Dog is recognized as both a wonderful guardian and a wonderful companion for all ages.

It is believed that this great dog, named after the Portuguese Estrela Mountains, is very rare outside of this country.

Finnish Spitz

Finnish Spitz
The lively Finnish Spitz is a long haired ginger hound with a fox-like face.
PavelRodimov / Getty Images

The lively Finnish Spitz is a fox-haired ginger hound dubbed the “Barking Dog”.

Although the breed is popular in parts of Scandinavia, the Finnish Spitz is still uncommon in the United States, with the AKC ranked it as the country’s rarest breed.

Howahwart

Howahwart
Hovawart is quite rare in the United States. But thick-boned breeds are still popular in Germany.
Sandra Dombrovsky / Getty Images

The Hovawart is a large active and active dog, has a stable disposition and a protective instinct.

Hovawart is quite rare in the United States. But thick-boned breeds are still popular in Germany.

Ken Chicken

Kaiken
Ken chicken is considered a rare breed, even in Japan.
Nil Net Nilprasit / Getty Images

This medium-sized dog is believed to be one of Japan’s purest and oldest dog breeds and is traditionally used in mountain hunting.

The Kai Ken is considered a rare breed even in Japan and is therefore extremely rare in the United States.

Lagotto Romagnolo

Lagotto Romagnolo
The curly-glazed Lagotto Romagnolo is the world’s oldest water retriever.
Sigena Semmling / Getty Images

Sometimes confused as a cross-coated poodle, the curly-coated Lagotto Romagnolo is the oldest aquatic animal in the world.

While the Lagotto Romagnolo is a rare breed in the United States. But these dogs are so common in Italy’s native country where they are used to hunt truffles.

Moody

Moody
The Mudi breed is rarely seen outside its homeland in Eastern Europe.
Vauvau / Getty Images

The Hungarian-born dog breed (pronounced ‘temperamental’) is known for being cheerful and energetic.

The Mudi breed is rarely seen outside its homeland in Eastern Europe and less than a thousand of these friendly dogs are estimated to be found.

Dutch Kooikerhondje

Dutch Kooikerhondje
Nederlandse Kooikerhondje Almost extinct after the second world war
American Kennel Club

These beloved dogs were proclaimed from the Netherlands by Nederlandse Kooikerhondje. It is best known for its duck hunting abilities.

This rarest species was almost extinct after World War II, however, the Nederlandse Kooikerhondje. Is making a comeback with the help of a breed enthusiast.

Norway’s Lundehund

Norway's Lundehund
The Norwegian Lundehund is recognized as one of the rarest breeds in the world.
CaptureLight / Getty Images

Originating in the Ice Age, the Norwegian Lundehund is now recognized as one of the world’s rarest species.

Since Norway’s Lundehund was developed to hunt puffins along precarious cliffs, these snappy hounds were developed so that they were unique for rocky cliff sizing: six toes on each front paw. Its remarkably adjustable ears and neck are flexible enough to move back and touch its spine.

Otterhound

Periphery
A very rare Otterhound breed was first recorded in medieval England.
IPGGutenbergUKLtd / Getty Images

This very rare Otterhound was first recorded in medieval England. But it was only recognized in the 19th century.

As their name suggests, these dogs are popular. But the original because it is excellent in hunting otters. But today, these shaggy-coated four-legged friends make extremely affectionate family pets.

Peruvian Inca Orchid

Peruvian orchids
The AKC acknowledges that Peruvian Inca orchids are rare.
Ekaterina Gorokhova / Getty Images

Peruvian Inca orchids are fast, lively and intelligent mammals that originated in the mountains of South America.

The AKC is known for the breed, which is known for having tiny hairs on the bald crown as a rare “kiss point”.

Pyrenean Shepherd

Pyrenean Shepherd
The Pyrenean Shepherd is classified as endangered.
Klaus Feurich / Getty Images

The Pyrenean Shepherd is a hardworking mammal descended from the hardy ancient shepherd dogs of the French Pyrenees.

These lovable, energetic and affectionate dogs are classified as endangered.

Sloughi

Sloughi
The Sloughi is one of the rarest dog breeds in the United States.
Slowmotiongli / Getty Images

The Sloughi was referred to as the “Arabian Greyhound” because this lightweight and fast hound was developed to hunt game in the North African desert.

The Sloughi are the rarest of all dog breeds in the United States and although they are a little distant from strangers. But this breed is loyal, loving and gentle towards the family.

Stabyhoun

Stabyhoun
The Stabyhoun, originating in the Netherlands, is one of the rarest dog breeds in the world.
Jessica Loijens / Getty Images

The Stabyhoun is an intelligent, responsive and lovable mix of a gentle and pointing breed.

This beautiful breed that originated in the Netherlands is one of the rarest in the world as these family dogs have left their home country in recent decades.

Swedish Vallhund

Swedish Vallhund
The rare nature of the Swedish Vallhund makes this breed a great addition to any family.
CaptureLight / Getty Images

The Swedish Vallhund is an intelligent and energetic pet breed with a long, thick coat and a strong desire to live.

Although these dogs come with long Viking ships. But the rare nature of the Swedish Vallhund makes this breed a great addition to any family.

Telomion

A Telomian with a wedge-shaped head, pointed ears and a cute curly tail is an unusual addition to this list, as the AKC is not recognized as a breed.

The telomian, however, is a species recently found in isolated villages near the Telom River in the Malay Peninsula rainforest.

Thai Spine

Thai Spine
Thai Ridgeback, until recently, was hardly known outside of its home country.
DevidDO / Getty Images

The Thai Ridgeback is a fast agile dog breed with impressive jumping abilities.

Perhaps most notably for the spines that run along their spine, this faithful breed was known until recently outside of its native Thailand.

Xoloitzcuintli

Xoloitzcuintli
Xoloitzcuintli It was an ancient Aztec favorite of the dog, and the breed is recognized as fairly rare.
Alkir / Getty Images

Xoloitzcuintli It was an ancient Aztec favorite of the dogs, as today they are a loving and watchful companion for the entire family.

These purebred dogs, sometimes referred to as the hairless Mexican hounds, are known to be fairly rare.


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