Our solar system It’s home to some weird and wonderful weather, with storms that are scarier in size. worldSaved history From hurricanes centuries old Jupiter With the wind blowing on Neptune, if you leave Earth you will be amazed by what you find.
On Mars, you will encounter massive dust storms covering the entire planet, while Venus has an incredibly thick and fast-moving atmosphere that can form a permanent vortex at its poles. On Jupiter and Saturn there are a number of large storms that are larger than many of the Earth’s diameter that have raged for decades or centuries. On the ice giant Neptune, you’ll find the fastest winds in the solar system and within Neptune and Uranus It may Diamond.
With the latest missions in space we can learn more about these fascinating weather systems than ever before. Scientists are also studying long-term weather systems, such as storms erupting from the sun, that could directly affect the Earth. As we continue to reach the unknown, who knows what else to discover in the solar system?
Jupiter̵7;s Great Red Spot: an Earth-Size Hurricane
This iconic storm has raged on Jupiter for centuries. But it might not last forever. The giant cyclone is comparable to a hurricane on Earth, although it is much larger, measuring approximately 10,000 miles (16,000 kilometers), approximately 1.3 times the width of our Earth. Scientists think that its roots go up to 100 times deeper Into Jupiter rather than Earth’s oceans. However, recent evidence suggests that the storm May shrinkEven if it could Devouring other storms To increase power
That’s not the only extreme weather on Jupiter: their north and south poles look weird. Cyclone array Arranged in a circle, while the intense rays from the planets bathe some of the moons, such as Io and Europe.
NASA Juno spaceshipThe gas giant, which entered orbit around Jupiter in 2016, has gathered remarkable data about this gas giant using a variety of instruments. This includes a microwave radiometer to measure Jupiter’s deep atmosphere, ultraviolet and infrared cameras to capture the atmosphere of the planet and its aurora, and JunoCam, which is busy photographing visible light.
Saturn’s Lightning: 10,000 times more powerful than Earth.
We are not only seeing lightning on Saturn. But we can also hear it from NASA. Cassini The spacecraft, which orbited Saturn from 2004 to 2017, was able to see lightning on Earth in the daytime, meaning it had to be incredibly violent.Some bolts were 10,000 times more powerful than on Earth.
By observing radio emissions from Earth, Cassini was also able to ‘hear’ the storms emitted in the atmosphere. From time to time, Saturn develops massive storms that extend over 190,000 miles (300,000 kilometers) around almost the entire planet, while the gas giant’s North Pole plays a bizarre and permanent role. Hexagons of clouds That stretched deep in the world
Solar Storm: Furious eruption that knocked out the power grid.
The sun can wreak havoc on our planet. Solar storm It consists of explosions of electrically charged radiation and particles that can damage satellites that keep a close eye on the sun’s activity and prepare for the worst. But sometimes, when a huge storm comes our way, we need to turn off the satellites and the power grid. They can ride it away.
Although we will try our best But every violent solar eruption can happen. Catch us not to be carefulIn 1859, a powerful solar flare, named after astronomer Richard Carrington, caused widespread telegraph communications around the world. Visible as far as the southern Caribbean Sea.
In 1989, a solar flare destroyed the transmission of electrical power from the Hydro Québec generating station, causing a power outage that left six million people without electricity for nine hours.
Solar activity has been suggested as a possible cause for the sinking of TitanicLike New research It shows that the solar storm behind the impressive Northern Lights display at a time of the ship’s sink may disrupt the ship’s navigation and communications systems and severely disrupt rescue operations.
Venus’ Vortex: A storm that moves faster than the planet.
At the south pole of Venus It is a large European size vortex that swirls in the atmosphere. This vortex seems to have existed for a long time and is the result of some strange properties on this planet. The atmosphere on Venus travels up to 250 miles (400 kilometers) per hour – 60 times faster than the rotating planet. European Space Agency.
Venus is also the hottest planet in the solar system. But not as close to the sun as possible An atmosphere as dense as hell keeps the planet Earth and traps its heat in escape locations. Greenhouse effectAs a result, Venus’ temperatures reached 870 degrees Fahrenheit (465 degrees Celsius).
Even the rain on Venus could not be mitigated by the harsh weather conditions. Corrosive sulfuric acid falls from the clouds and evaporates before reaching the ground due to extremely high surface temperatures.
Neptune’s huge winds: faster than the speed of sound.
Neptune, the planet farthest from the Sun, has the fastest winds in the solar system. At the highest altitude of the planet, where methane gives Neptune its blue color, the wind can reach greater speeds. 1,300 miles (2,100 kilometers) per hour Or 1.6 times the speed of sound These strong winds also produce huge storms, such as the famous “great dark spot” that can be seen. Voyager 2 Investigated in 1989
Scientists are still amazed about the cause of this fleeting storm, which disappeared when NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope turned to Neptune about five years after Voyager 2.
Since then, Hubble has been keeping an eye on Neptune’s turbulent storm that rotates clockwise due to the planet’s rotation. (Unlike hurricanes on Earth, which are low pressure systems and rotate counterclockwise), over the years Hubble has observed the arrival and death of many of Neptune, one of That has puzzled scientists recently
This particular Vortex It has been observed sweeping south towards Neptune’s equator along the path of various previous storms. Unlike the previous model, this vortex gave a sharp make-up and began drifting back to the north. But it is surprising to the researchers.
Mars dust storm: Tornados visible from space.
In 2018 Large dust storm Devouring the surface of Mars, which obscures much of it from our point of view These storms are calledhaboobs“When it happens on Earth, it usually happens on Mars, which happens every few years, but this is huge, especially because the Sun heats up the Earth’s atmosphere, causing dust to rise from the ground. Although scientists are not sure How have they grown According to NASAThey pose a problem for surface-powered solar vehicles that rely on the sun’s light.
Mars also experienced Dust devil – Small tornadoes that form and move across the surface. This phenomenon is not the only red planets, in fact, they are also found on Earth.
Dust demons are formed as the ground heats up, making the air closer to the surface warmer and higher. As the air rises, it can be exposed to a higher degree of colder air, which causes the column of air to spin.
We can see these dust monsters because of the dirt they kick from the ground. They can be seen from space! In 2012, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter met a Colossal Martian Dust Demon Stands 2,600 feet (800 meters) tall and 98 feet (30 meters) wide.
Titan’s Methane Rain: You’ll feel every drop.
Saturn’s largest moon Titan is one of the most astonishing bodies in this solar system. Like the world The body has fluid SurfaceThere is a truly strange Climate, And has been of interest to scientists for many years
Sometimes the methane titan is precipitated after it evaporates from the surface and forms a thick cloud. The freeze-cold moon methane rain falls slowly due to low gravity and thick smog, so you can feel every drop, says physicist Rajani Dhingra of the University of Idaho. Told New Scientist. In 2019
Titan’s hydrological cycle (where “hydro” is related to methane, not water, like on Earth) The landscape And feed liquefied methane and ethane into large lakes such as squat Which is more than 1,000 feet (300 meters) in depth