A 500-year old neutron star that swirls rapidly and swirls rapidly, has been compressed at unprecedented speed through the Milky Way.
glimmer X-rays and radio wave Of this giant baby, cute J1818.0-1607, likely first appeared in the sky when Polish scientist Nicolaus Copernicus proposed that the sun (not world) Is the center of the universe, first of all, looking up at the heavens.
If Copernicus had an orbital X-ray telescope or a powerful radio receiver, he could see the birth of a magnetar, a very violent and rare neutron star twisted up. magnet The field, just 500 years later (assuming astronomers are of the right age), this screaming baby continues to spin faster than a known magnetic field, with one revolution every 1.4 seconds.It may also move faster than the discovered neutron star. Previously found in a wide variety of species.
Like all neutron stars, J1818.0-1607 occurs after the rapid death of a large star, known as a supernova, which is the remnant of the core. Neutron stars are small in astrophysics, no wider than Madison, Wisconsin, but as the densest known object in the universe other than black holes – full of crushed matter to the point where atoms lose their integrity. Of structures and merged to resemble a single giant nucleus. atom – A neutron star can be as large as a full-sized star.
Related: From the Big Bang to the present: an overview of our universe over time.
Only a tiny fraction of the neutron star is magnetic. But that’s not the only unusual thing about the J1818.0-1607.It’s also a pulsar, a super-fast cosmic lighthouse that dims and lights up with each spin.
Researchers involved in the study said on NASA, “Only five magnets, including this one, act like pulsars, comprising less than 0.2% of the known neutron star population. Testimony.
To determine the age of the magnetic field, the researchers tracked how it slows over time and estimates the rate of rotation it produces. From the initial rotational speed, it takes 500 years for the newborn magnetic field to slow down to the current rate. However, this age estimate is somewhat unreliable, according to a report published on November 26, 2020. Astrophysical Journal Letters.
Because the magnetar is young, astronomers should be able to spot the remnants of the supernova that were born, and researchers may find them spaced. “Relatively large” from the magnetic field If the magnetic field is 500 years old and the supernova’s remnant is actually the leftover from the birth of the magnetar, it would travel around 8 to 16 million miles per hour (13 to 26 million km / h). Hrs) through the Milky Way over its lifetime – faster than some 3,000 other known neutron stars.However, if astronomers incorrectly estimate the age of the magnetar or the researchers incorrectly pinpoint the rest, the youngster might Will not move very fast
But even though this baby is a wee newborn baby in astronomy But there may also be younger magnets in galaxyAlthough it might be a slower movement As previously reported by Live Science.Researchers think they may have seen the true birth of magnets in distant galaxies last year, making the magnetic field no older than human toddlers.
Originally published in Live Science.