Australian scientists are leading an international project to build an extremely powerful ground-based telescope. Scientists say the instrument will provide a deeper and clearer view of space than the Hubble Space Telescope.
The telescope’s short name is MAVIS, which stands for Multi-conjugate-adaptive-optics Assisted Visible Imager and Spectrograph.
It was designed to address a common problem with terrestrial telescopes: image. blur caused by weather conditions
Scientists in Australia say the new technology will allow them to explore how the first stars formed 13 billion years ago. The telescope will also monitor changes in the weather on the planets and moons in our solar system.
The images produced by MAVIS are estimated to be three times clearer than the Hubble Space Telescope. Launched in 1990, Hubble orbits the Earth from a distance of about 550 kilometers outside the Earth’s atmosphere.
Richard McDermid of Macquarie University in Sydney said the new telescope will change the way we explore space.
He said the telescope would allow scientists to “Push into the new border farthest and the faintest what we can see.”
The new perspective will include the universe’s oldest galaxies. This also means exploring the past, explains McDermid, “because when we look at the distant astronomy We are looking back in time because it takes time for the light to reach us.”
The telescope will be placed in Chile and operated by the European Southern Observatory, a research organization based in Germany. It is expected to take seven years to build and cost $44 million.
The MAVIS team is led by the Australian National University. The team also includes scientists from Macquarie University, the Italian National Institute of Astrophysics and France’s Laboratoire d’Astrophysique.
I’m Jonathan Evans.
Phil Mercer reports this for VOA News. Jonathan Evans adapts this story for English learning. Caty Weaver is the editor.
words in this
blur – V to make (something) unclear or difficult to see or remember
border – n. the limit of knowledge in one area
faint – adj. very hard to see