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Biden faces GOP handcuffs and Dem skeptics over Iran 2.0 deal

And the White House’s growing set of challenges in defining the Iran 2.0 deal go beyond the GOP: Democrats. It wants the president to resist the widespread urge to seek concessions from Tehran, saying it would cost the United States the opportunity to re-enter the deal. But fellow Democrats have also warned of an even more rocky path to return to full compliance with the Iranian accord, in accordance with the terms of the 2015 deal, especially after the recent sounding of the Iranian pact. The leak revealed Iran’s Foreign Minister Javad Zarif, who expressed his regret over the influence of the country’s revolutionary guards against the West.

“I all have a longer and stronger deal with Iran. It will only happen after we re-enter the JCPOA, ”Sen. Chris Murphy (D-Conn.) Said in a short interview using the 2015 Agreement abbreviation, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. If we insist that we make a comprehensive agreement to include support for terrorist groups, human rights records, their missile program – it will be the death of the JCPOA. “

The leaked voice made headlines for Zarif’s reference to Biden’s climate adviser and former Secretary of State John Kerry, but Iranian minister’s comments also signaled lawmakers that moderate forces in Iran were sitting. A back seat to a radical group that is reluctant to participate. With the United States and other Western nations, the trend hints at some senior Democrats that getting both the United States and Iran back to the 2015 deal would be the best job.

“Zarif’s opinion at least complicates the picture. You must be wondering what is something they can agree on and do? Bob Menendez, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee (DN.J.), which opposed the 2015 deal with Iran.

The Secretary of State’s speech raised the question, “Is this reasonable in terms of what it can deliver,” added Menendez, “these are all factors that need to go into it.”

The Biden team has no illusion about the hard way to get back involved with Iran after Trump pulled the US out of the 2015 nuclear deal and impose new sanctions on the regime in Tehran, the approach it calls. that “Maximum pressure,” Biden’s National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan said on Sunday, “There is still a reasonable distance to travel to close the remaining gaps and those gaps above the US sanctions and Other countries will reverse ”in exchange for restrictions on Tehran’s nuclear program.

“Our diplomats will continue in the coming weeks to try to reach a mutual agreement to return to the JCPOA, Iran’s nuclear deal on a compliance basis,” said Sullivan. Said on ABC’s “This Week”.

Joining the JCPOA again almost urges the Biden administration to drop some of the Trump-era sanctions that could require congressional approval, including from falconry Democrats like Menendez, who opposed a deal last year. It was made for a politically painful process under that president, Barack Obama.This time, the same key player will be keen to check out by Congress.

“The question is the word What does it mean to ‘grow longer and stronger’? ”Menendez added, referring to a phrase that Secretary of State Antony Blinken coined during a hearing earlier this year to refer to management’s future plans for the deal. If we are exchanged for what we are interested in from the Iranians, sanctions are eased. But the real question is, what are you loosening sanctions for and what are you talking about? “

Biden’s top priority is to bring the United States and Iran back into compliance with the 2015 pact, specifically related to the Iranian nuclear program. But his officials are looking forward to a broader agreement that could tackle the country’s non-nuclear activities in the region, including support for terrorist proxies and ballistic missile programs.

Meanwhile, Biden’s allies on Capitol Hill are sounding warnings about the importance of a return to compliance with the 2015 deal, although it means other sources of tensions between Washington and Tehran have been left on the floor. cut

“As far as I am concerned about what they are doing to support terrorism in the Middle East, blocking the order of transport routes and all of that, I think I should focus on keeping them from getting nuclear weapons.” Sen. Jeanne Shaheen (DN.H.).

Iran is reluctant to meet with US officials in Vienna face to face, though. But there are also some positive signs of the Burma government’s intentions to manipulate, including recent involvement with the Saudi foe in issues critical to the Biden administration, such as the Yemen ceasefire.

Meanwhile, Republicans are looking for a 2015 law called the Iran Nuclear Pact Review Act to help reduce any effort to re-enter that year’s nuclear deal. Passed to give Congress the opportunity to finally weigh in on the deal, the 2015 law could prove vital this time, allowing lawmakers to deny a formal attempt to lift the Trump administration’s sanctions.

Republicans, who have consistently opposed the 2015 pact since Obama arrived, have wasted no time breaking down the Biden administration’s talks as wasteful and potentially dangerous.

“[The Iranians] Did nothing in order to receive indirect or direct talk. Their behavior has not changed. It will be viewed as a relief, ”Sen. Lindsay Graham (RS.C.) said in a short interview. This creates instability in the region. “

During his first 100 days in office, Biden was forced to face increasingly harsh Iran on the fronts other than nuclear programs. The president ordered an air strike on Iran-backed assets in Syria last month. Col. to counter attacks against US forces in the region. Republicans insist that Trump’s sanctions system has given the United States an especially good advantage and that if Iran is reluctant to compromise on support for terrorist proxies in the region, the United States should not return to the year-old deal. 2015

“It is impossible to separate the nuclear program from all the other evil activities that Iran is undertaking,” Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.), Vice president of the Senate Intelligence Committee, said in a statement. Short interview

Even better, taking the existing 2015 review law, a group of GOP senators recently released a law aimed at preventing Biden from rejoining the nuclear deal. The bill will ensure that any new agreement reached by the president will be in the form of a treaty, and therefore must be approved by Congress. House Republicans have launched a similar bill that would impose even more sanctions against Iran’s regime and put the Biden team up for current negotiations.

“If they don’t make a treaty, it’s just as good a political agreement as the current administration.” Rubio said, “the management of the future could change.”

Biden’s allies insist that the return to the nuclear treaty was not the president’s fault. But they argue Trump has made Biden’s job impossible when he goes beyond withdrawing from the 2015 pact to impose brand new sanctions unrelated to Iran’s nuclear program. During talks in Vienna this spring, Iran demanded that all US sanctions be lifted.

“There is a damage to the Trump administration that will complicate this matter,” said Sen. Timken (D-Va.). Trying to get Iranians to comply again with the nuclear deal, and then to focus on our efforts in non-nuclear activities. ”

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