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Campos is a NASA dummy heading to the moon.

The name is dedicated to Arturo Campos, a Mexican-American electrical engineer at NASA who played a key role in bringing the surviving Apollo 13 crew back safely in the 1970s, according to NASA.

The Apollo 13 crew was on a voyage to attempt a third moon landing. The oxygen tank exploded. (with the famous command “Houston, we’ve got a problem,” said astronaut Jim Lowell.) Shorten the journey

Because they had hundreds of thousands of miles. The mission control team at the Johnson Space Center had to come up with a quick way to send astronauts back to Earth. While conserving energy, water and heat, according to a NASA Tumblr post, their eventual successful strategy was based on contingency plans that Campos had pre-written and then modified for emergencies.

Campos models will be equipped with two radiation sensors and an early version of the Orion Crew Survival System spacesuit when aboard NASA̵

7;s Orion spacecraft for an upcoming lunar mission. One of the company’s tasks is to provide information on what human crew members might experience during the Artemis II space flight in 2023.

Pictured is a robot that will fly on NASA's Artemis I mission.

The mannequins are also tested in emergency situations. including whether the astronauts were able to escape safely from their seats. If they were submerged after the splash, Jason Hutt, NASA’s lead in the integration of Orion Crew Systems, said in a statement.

From humble goals…

Born in Laredo, Texas in 1934, Campos grew up at a time when obtaining an engineering degree was not common to people of Hispanic background, according to NASA.

Pictured is Arturo Campos, electrical subsystem manager for the Apollo 13 lunar module.

With no plans for higher education, Campos thought he might become a mechanic like his father, according to NASA, before high school chemistry and physics teacher Josephine “Grandma” Baird realized. His potential and motivated him to attend junior high school classes and work at his father’s shop. which eventually led him to graduate from the University of Texas as an electrician. Engineering degree in 1956

Read more: Meet the space pioneers of color empowering others to dream.

Campos supervised aircraft maintenance at Kelly Air Force Base in Texas before joining NASA in the early 1960s.

… to astronomical success

Campos has supported his skills on NASA projects such as power systems for spacecraft such as the Apollo moon module. This includes the system used for the first lunar landing in 1969, according to NASA.

NASA's Project Artemis will land the first colored man on the moon.

Campos fell asleep when he received an emergency call about Apollo 13 from NASA colleagues on April 13, 1970, NASA reported, as astronauts Jim Lovell, Jack Swigert, and Fred Haise were stranded in about 200,000 endangered spacecraft. Miles from Earth, an engineer on the ground used a contingency plan adapted by Campos that he originally wrote with the exact situation in mind.

Instructions for implementing the corrective steps were sent to Mission Control. which was passed on to the astronauts

“The whole process took about 15 hours,” according to NASA, “and ultimately Enough power was also switched from the lunar module’s power source to the command and service module’s emergency battery. to heat the astronauts Travel back home and help them land safely on Earth.

“If not for the steps that Campos and his colleagues took together. It is likely that the Apollo 13 mission will not be remembered as ‘Failed to succeed’ as it is today.”

The emergency plan adapted by Arturo Campos for emergencies helped the Apollo 13 astronauts return safely to Earth.

Former President Richard Nixon awarded Campos and other mission control officials a Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1970 after retiring from NASA in 1980 and consulting in electrical engineering. Campos died in 2004 of a heart attack.

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