It is the first time that an NGO has independently analyzed the allegations of genocide in Xinjiang, as well as the responsibility that Beijing may be liable for the alleged crimes.CNN saw a copy of the report in advance.
Azeem Ibrahim, Newlines special program director and co-author of the new report, said there was “overwhelming” evidence to support the allegations of genocide.
“This is a global force, a leader who is the architect of the genocide,”; he said.
Article II of the Convention states that genocide is an attempt to act. “With the intention of destroying all or part of a national, ethnic, racial or religious group”
There are five conventional methods of genocide: killing members of a group; It causes serious physical or psychological harm to group members. Deliberately creating conditions of life that are calculated to bring about full or partial physical destruction Establishing measures to prevent birth within the group Or force transfer of children of the group to another group
However, the establishment of any international criminal court must be approved by the United Nations Security Council, where China is a permanent member with veto power, making it unlikely an allegation of genocide in Xinjiang will be considered.
Although a single violation of the genocide convention is a genocide discovery, Newlines’ report claims the Chinese government has met all the criteria for action in Xinjiang.
“China’s policies and practices targeting Uighurs in the region must be viewed as a whole, which is intended to destroy whole or part of the Uighurs,” the report claimed.
No specific penalties or penalties have been imposed in the convention for states or governments requiring genocide, but the Newlines report said that under the convention, 151 other signatories have a responsibility to take action.
“China’s obligation … to prevent punishment and not to commit genocide is unusual or owed to the international community as a whole,” the report added.
‘Clear and believable’
Yonah Diamond, a legal advisor to the Raoul Wallenberg Center for Human Rights, who works on the report, said the general public’s misunderstanding of the definition of genocide is that there must be evidence of massacre or extermination of people.
“The real question is, is there enough evidence to show that it was intended to destroy the group – and this is what the report reveals,” he said.
The five definitions of the genocide outlined in the convention are reviewed in the report to determine whether the allegations against the Chinese government meet each specific criteria.
“Given the serious nature of the violations in question … the report uses clear and credible standards of proof,” the report said.
Newlines Institute for Strategy and Policy was established in 2019 as a nonpartisan thinking agency by the Fairfax University of America with the aim of “Optimizing US foreign policy through a deep understanding of the geopolitics of the regions of the world and their value systems” was previously known as the Center for Global Policy.
Diamond said thousands of witnesses from the deportation of Uighurs and the Chinese government’s official documents were among the authors considered.
According to the report, as many as 1,400 people have been accused of detention in extrajudicial killings across Xinjiang by the Chinese government since 2014 when it campaigned for the apparent target of Islamic extremism.
The report details allegations of rape, psychological torture, cultural brainwashing attempts, and an unknown number of deaths within the camp.
“The Uighur detainees within the detention camp … devoid of basic human needs, are severely humiliated and subjected to inhumane treatment or punishment, including prolonged solitary confinement.” The report cited
“Suicide is so prevalent that detainees have to wear uniforms.” “And denied access to materials at risk of hurting yourself.”
The report also noted that Uighurs’ birth rates across the region dropped significantly, down about 33 percent between 2017-2018, due to allegations of implementing the Chinese government’s formal sterilization, abortion and contraception programs. Which in some cases is Forced women without their consent
During the crackdown on textbooks on Uighur culture, history and literature, it was accused of being removed from classes for schoolchildren in Xinjiang. In the camp, the detainees were forced to teach Mandarin and describe them as tortured if they refused or were unable to speak.
Using public documents and remarks by Communist Party officials, the report claims that the alleged genocide responsibility is placed on the Chinese government.
The researchers cited official speeches and documents, which Uighurs and other Muslim minorities called “weed” and “tumors.” “Destroying the lineage, destroying their roots, destroying relationships and destroying their origins.”
“In summary, individuals and entities perpetrating acts identified as genocide are state and representative bodies under Chinese law,” the report said. Uighurs must therefore belong to the Chinese state. “
Rian Thum, reporter and Uighur historian at the University of Manchester, said that in the next 20 years people will look back at the repression in Xinjiang as a “One of the great cultural destruction of the last century”
“I think many Uighurs will accept this report in recognition of the suffering they and their family and friends and community have gone through for a long time,” said Tham.
‘The lie of the century’
The Chinese government has repeatedly defended its actions in Xinjiang, saying people now have a high standard of life.
“(But) you can have a genocide terrorism campaign at the same time,” said John Packer, contributor to the report, an associate professor at the University of Ottawa and former director of the OSCE High Commissioner. With ethnic minorities in the Hague said.
Rahima Mahmut, UK director of the World Uyghur Congress, who was not involved with the report, said many countries “said (they) couldn’t do anything but could”.
“These countries, which are countries that have signed the genocide convention, have an obligation to prevent and punish … I feel that all countries can do this,” she said.
While the reporting team avoids giving advice to remain neutral. But co-author Ibrahim said the results of these findings were “very serious”.
“This is not a supporting document, we do not support any course of action, there are no campaigners involved in this report, only by Chinese law experts, local experts and ethnic experts,” he said.
But Packer said serious “violations of international orders” in the world’s second-largest economy raise regulatory questions around the world.
“If this is not enough to induce some action or even take a position, then what is needed?” He said.