The European Union and several other countries stepped up their commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and achieve carbon neutrality at a virtual climate change summit hosted by US President Joe Biden in April. But there are concerns over whether global leaders will win parliamentary support to secure their pledges in the law.
until monday Only five countries have pledged their legal obligations, according to Climate Watch: the United Kingdom and New Zealand. including EU members, Hungary, Luxembourg and France.
Monday’s approval of the set of policies marks the final stamp on climate law. which the EU Parliament passed last week. The EU has been working on this legislation since the introduction of its Vision under the European Green Agreement in 2019.
João Pedro Matos Fernandes, Portugal’s Minister of Environment and Climate Action, said: “I warmly welcome the final stage of the adoption of the EU’s first climate law adopted in the 2050 Law on Climate Neutrality Objectives. Portugal is currently the President of the European Union.
“The European climate law agreement is important to the President of Portugal. And I’m glad we managed to get it past the finish line.”
Net zero is a scenario where the amount of greenhouse gases emitted is not greater than the amount expelled from the atmosphere. mainly through a method known as carbon capture. Some scientists and environmentalists have criticized the net-zero plan for its excessive reliance on underdeveloped technologies. He argued that the world should aim to reduce the use of fossil fuels altogether. and aimed at a low-carbon or low-carbon economy.
The new law seeks to limit its reliance on carbon capture by capping carbon to 225 megatons. It also seeks to become a negative carbon economy – which removes more carbon from the atmosphere than it releases – after a year. 2050
The European Commission also agreed to propose a mid-level climate target for 2040 “if appropriate” within six months after. The first “global stockpiling” of emissions operated under the Paris Agreement. The law states that a scientific committee on climate change will be established to advise on EU policy.
Current increasing pledges from the EU Like other countries including the United States and the United Kingdom. It aims to keep average global temperatures within 1.5 degrees Celsius since pre-industrial levels and below 2 degrees. More than 1.7 billion people experience severe heat waves at least once every five years, sea levels rise 10 centimeters and coral reefs are destroyed. among other effects
But some environmentalists have warned that even more ambitious pledges are not enough. And not enough to keep the temperature up to 1.5C.