Editor’s note: These responses are based on interviews and current information at the time of publication.
SALT LAKE CITY – We asked unvaccinated KSL.com readers to tell us why they were not vaccinated, and 3,807 people responded to it. We analyzed multiple-choice questions and reported trends. But we’ve also received more than 1,000 written responses with individual questions and concerns, a common thread.
Over 27% of respondents (1,036) who answered our questions. “Why didn’t you get vaccinated against COVID-19?” Write individual responses explaining their individual decisions.
Here are some of the common concerns people have, as well as the latest scientific explanations on the topic.
Are natural antibodies stronger than vaccines or equivalent?
One of the most common reasons people opt out of vaccination is the belief that natural antibodies after COVID-19 infection are superior or comparable to vaccination.
A study from the National Cancer Institute suggests that natural COVID-19 antibodies are able to moderate the virus and reduce the likelihood and severity of re-infection. But it’s not as severe as the vaccination.
Similarly, a Stanford University study found that people with asymptomatic and mild COVID-19 had lower antibody levels than people with severe disease, and all antibodies decreased after 90. Dr. Day, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said some people with COVID-19 never tested positive for antibodies.
On the other hand, preliminary research from the New England Journal of Medicine comparing people who received the Moderna vaccine and those recovered from COVID-19 found that those who received the vaccine had higher antibody protection levels. Another study, from the New England Journal of Medicine, found that immunizations acquired through vaccination for at least six months.
When the vaccine is limited, health officials recommend that people who have been infected with COVID-19 wait 90 days before getting vaccinated. Currently, with more vaccines being offered, the 90-day waiting period will only apply to people who have received monoclonal antibody or convalescent plasma treatment, the CDC said.
How do we know the COVID-19 vaccine hasn’t cut corners?
One of the written responses we get most often is from people who feel they need a longer period of time to let them know the vaccine is safe. Some need full FDA approval, some need long-term studies. And some feel the need to get vaccinated
In order to be approved in an FDA emergency, the vaccine must go through Phase I, Phase II, and Phase III trials with a predetermined level of success. Usually the process takes many years and the mass production takes at least six months to add.
The phase one trial included vaccinating a small number of healthy people to test their immune response. The second phase of the study included more people of different ages, demographics and health status who received different doses of the vaccine. Phase III consists of thousands of people from diverse backgrounds representing the population that the vaccine is for.
Due to the severe nature of the pandemic, the government created Operation Warp Speed, which collaborates with trusted vaccine manufacturers and limited research into vaccine technologies that are likely to produce the safest and most effective vaccines. According to the New England Journal of Medicine, the US government purchased hundreds of millions of COVID-19 vaccines at the same time as trials so that once the safety and efficacy of the vaccine were confirmed, the Filming can be done without taking months. Delays in production and raw materials
All Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, and Johnson & Johnson vaccines have been completed and completed phase one, two and three trials prior to submitting emergency approval from the FDA.
What is the difference between Emergency Approval and Full FDA Approval?
Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna have applied for full FDA certification, usually over a year, said FDA Commissioner Dr. Robert Calif to CNBC. The entire approval process also includes talks between governments and vaccine companies regarding product labeling, manufacturing and marketing. The emergency authorization does not permit product advertising. But he said full permission
According to the WHO director, the vaccine has a “high probability” of being fully approved, and the process may be concluded at the earliest in the second half of this year.
If a vaccine is only one year old, how do we know it won’t have any long-term adverse effects?
Although the COVID-19 vaccine has only been available for one year. But vaccine research dating back at least 80 years in the past, severe side effects from vaccines are extremely rare and usually appear within the first two weeks, explains the University of Michigan Health Care, with most side effects appearing within the first two months.
There is no historical precedent for a vaccine that provides people with long-term side effects that appear months or years after the prod.
The Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines are mRNA vaccines, meaning they use the body’s mRNA to send messages to the immune system (hence the “messenger RNA”) about how to fight COVID-19, although the COVID-19 vaccine is an mRNA vaccine. First, the CDC said scientists have studied and worked with the technology for decades, including the Zika vaccine, rabies and influenza.
The J&J vaccine is an adenovector vaccine that uses another virus that has been modified to teach the body how to fight COVID-19.The virus cannot reproduce or cause illness, and an adenovector vaccine has been used since the 1970s for Zika influenza and HIV
While the virus is new But vaccine technology is not.
What do we know about COVID-19 and the vaccine for pregnant women?
Most of the written responses we get from people who will be vaccinated are from people who are pregnant who are concerned about the safety of the vaccine for them.
According to the CDC, pregnant women are at an increased risk of serious illness or death compared to those who are not pregnant.If COVID-19 is detected positively, the virus also increases the likelihood of miscarriage.
Limited but growing information is available on the effects of the vaccine on pregnant women.
The vaccination trial did not include those who were pregnant, although some trial recipients were inadvertently pregnant and vaccinated, Harvard Health said.The CDC is following more than 30,000 willing vaccine recipients who become pregnant at the time of vaccination. And more than 1,800 pregnancies provide detailed records of vaccine side effects and pregnancy outcomes. So far, the same side effects have been reported in pregnant and non-pregnant individuals, and no miscarriages, premature labor or miscarriages have been reported to be linked to the vaccine.
All approved vaccines were tested on animals before and during pregnancy, and no safety concerns were found in the mother or the baby, the CDC said.
In general, vaccines are safe and many are recommended for pregnant women. Additional trials in pregnant women receiving the COVID-19 vaccine are underway.
The COVID-19 vaccination is available to pregnant women who choose to get the vaccine, and the CDC says talking to your doctor before vaccination may be helpful but not necessary if you’re pregnant and choosing to get vaccinated to consider. Enroll in the CDC’s voluntary v-safe register, which helps confirm the safety or side effects of the vaccine.
There is also little information available on people who are breastfeeding or want to become pregnant, but the CDC says there is no evidence that any vaccine affects fertility and is dependent on how the vaccine works in the body, the risk is unlikely.
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