New York Times
Violence shakes up the arrogance of Trump’s ‘new Middle East’
WASHINGTON – President Donald Trump announced in September that “Dawn of the Modern Middle East” Speaking at the White House, Trump is announcing a new diplomatic partnership between Israel and its two Gulf neighbors Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates. Controversial, ”Trump said, flanked by leaders from the region.In subsequent scenes, reruns in his campaign ad, Abraham Accords is laying”; the foundation for peace spanning the region. “Sign up for The Morning newsletter from the New York Times. Eight months later, that peace remains a distant hope, especially for the most notorious incompetent conflict in the Middle East, between Israel and Palestinians. In a fiery setting reminiscent of the Old Middle East, the conflict has entered its bloodiest phase in seven years and is reviving criticism of Trump’s approach while raising questions about the future of the deal as the president. Joe Biden faces the role the US should play. Now in the region Trump’s approach is primarily to avert the challenge of easing tensions between Israel and Palestinians to foster closer ties between Israel and some of the Sunni Arab states, based on common concerns. With Iran most of the time The deal he helped negotiate was widely viewed as showing a waning interest on the part of Israel’s Arab neighbors in supporting Palestinians, giving Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu a latitude. “It is very difficult for anyone who knows the region to believe that the signing of the Abraham Agreement will be a breakthrough for the Israeli-Palestinian tensions. Peace, ”said Sahah Hassan, a fellow Carnegie Endowment for International Peace specializing in the Palestinian issue. Valina Sir, a professor at the Johns Hopkins School of International Studies, said the agreement was “based on the idea that the Palestinian problem is dead” and rewarded Ne’s strong approach. Tanyahu, in support of Israeli settlement activities and other outreach, territorial claims “This proves his theory that you can have land and peace,” said Nasr, a former Trump official said. However, exaggerated former presidents charged the Abraham Accords, which were later extended to Morocco and Sudan, they were never viewed as a means of ending the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Trade and diplomatic relations were partially or completely normal between Israel and the four Arab states, rather than blaming the Palestinians, showing that their cause no longer dictated regional ties. Sunni Arab rulers, angered by the Palestinian leader and for many years in a quiet alliance with Israel against Iranian Shia, Jason Greenblatt, who served as Trump’s Middle East ambassador until October 2019, argued that. The current jolt of violence in and around Israel “underscores why the Abraham Accords is so imperative for the region” after Palestinian leaders rejected Trump’s January 2020 peace plan proposed to build a Palestinian state. In a much-desired condition to Israel’s demands, the agreement intentionally “separated” the Israeli-Palestinian conflict from Israel’s relations with the Arab world, Greenblatt said. Going forward, ”he added, others noted that before agreeing to the deal, the United Arab Emirates pulled Netanyahu out of a pledge to suspend the West’s annexation. The bank, a move with the potential to end the massive Palestinian uprising. (Trump officials also oppose the annexation, and Netanyahu may not act regardless) Dennis Ross, a former Middle Eastern peace negotiator with three presidency, called it a A major step forward for the region But said that the violence in the cities of Israel And the Gaza Strip shows how “the Palestinian issue can still set a cloud” over Israel’s relationship with its Arab neighbors. The ‘peace of our time’ apparently ignores the conflicts that exist in the region. It is not between Israel and the Arab state, ”Ross said. Most analysts said the deal – which Biden administration officials said they support and wanted to expand to more countries – could survive the violence in the United States. Present Ultimately, officials involved in the development of the deal said no one was under the illusion that such clashes were in the past. But the image of the Israeli police crackdown on the Arabs in Jerusalem and the escalating air strikes that topple Gaza has clearly caused stress. In a statement this month, the UAE Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a It “strongly condemned” the proposed Israeli evictions in East Jerusalem and the police attacks on Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa Mosque, where Israeli officials said Palestinians had stones in their treasury to throw at Israeli police. Last month, the United Arab Emirates also condemned “acts of violence committed by occupied right-wing extremists in occupied East Jerusalem,” and warned that the region could “slip into a new level of instability in nature. That threatens peace. ”Bahrain and other Gulf states have condemned Israel in a similar tone. A statement on Friday from UAE Minister of Foreign Affairs Abdullah bin Zayed al-Nahyan called on “all sides”, not just Israel, to exercise restraint and to take action to halt. shoot One former Trump official argued that public pressure on Israel, with countries such as the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain, weighed more after the deal was brought on by a recently formulated diplomatic alliance. No government, however, is an affiliate to this agreement that played a key role in efforts to end the ceasefire – a responsibility that Egypt and Qatar had previously assumed. A chord that will play a key role in ending this conflict, said Aaron David Miller, a former advisor to the Israeli-Arab issue under the state’s six secretary general. Last month, at an event hosted by the Israeli Embassy in Washington, Secretary of State Antony Blinken said Biden’s administration “welcomes and supports” Abraham Accords, adding that he expects “Israeli friends to grow in the circle.” More broadly in the next year & rdquo; But there were dozens of deaths and hundreds of injuries. But then, most of them are Palestinians, analysts said, the prospect of other Arab nations joining the agreement was murky, “I would say it is highly unlikely that you would have anyone else joining the agreement.” “It’s going to lose a lot of momentum and energy,” said Nasr, a country seen as a potential candidate for Saudi Arabia the most harsh condemnation of Israel in recent days. The Saudi Foreign Ministry’s statement called on the international community to “seize the Israeli occupation, be responsible for this upgrade and immediately halt all escalating actions that violate international norms and laws,” said some Biden analysts and executive officials. That the deal was the culmination of a four-year Trump policy embracing and empowering Netanyahu and separating the Palestinians. They said Trump’s approach was all reduced hopes for talks to resolve a two-state issue that many previous US presidents have pursued, and formally balanced power from the Palestinian leader to Hamas radicals. In Gaza, Ilan Goldenberg, a former Obama administration official, admits that Israel has clashed with democratic Palestinians, who have taken an anti-conflict approach rather than Trump’s supportive stance on Israel. And he said the opportunistic missile strike hit Israel by Hamas after the outbreak of Jewish-Arab violence in Jerusalem was not Trump’s fault. But Goldenberg argues that the current domestic violence of Israel “is at least partly driven by the fact that the Trump administration supports radicals in Israel every step of the way,” including the Israeli Settlement Movement. For example, in November 2019, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo changed a longstanding US policy, declaring that the United States does not consider Israeli settlement in the West Bank a violation of international law (the Biden administration intends to change its position). Trump also moved the US embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, formally acknowledging the city as Israel’s capital in a move that angered the Palestinians at Expecting the East for a long time Jerusalem will be the capital of the future state they set up. “Trump opened the door for Israel to hasten demolition houses, speed up settlement activities,” Hassan said. Is when you see Palestinian resistance. ”Former Trump officials note that expert predictions of the Palestinian eruption during Trump’s term, especially after the embassy move, were never. It took place and suggested that Biden’s amicable approach to the Palestinians, including the restoration of humanitarian aid canceled by Trump, made them brave. Challenge israel Even some Trump administration officials have said any suggestion that the deal exaggerates peace in the Middle East. Use that word, ”Greenblatt said. This article originally appeared in The New York Times Copyright © 2021 The New York Times Company.