“The only way to break the current disruption is to form a temporary government,” said Jafar Mahdawi, a former legislator who was involved in the peace dialogue process. He will not join his government. “
Ghani has repeatedly insisted that he will hold the full five years in office and watch the peace talks come to fruition.
But the new round of talks, which have had little progress since they started in September, were halted this week as two top Taliban negotiators failed to return to Qatar in Qatar. After visiting Pakistan for consultation
A spokesperson for the group in Doha, Qatar̵7;s capital, on Saturday said the negotiators were still working on key agenda preparations. But negotiating representatives from Kabul said the process was further slowed by the unexplained top two Taliban negotiators, Abdul Ghani Badar Dar and Abdulha. Kim Ichaksai
Baradar, founder of the Taliban movement, spent eight years in prison in Pakistan. But it was released in 2018 at the request of the United States to participate in the peace process.
Pakistan’s role in the peace dialogue process has taken on an sudden new significance in recent weeks. The country has long said it supports talks and seeks a stable Afghanistan. But also hosts Taliban leaders who have fled for years and defend violent anti-Afghan forces along the long and porous border between neighboring Muslim countries.
A complicated matter for the Afghan government is that the deadline on Friday for the US military in Afghanistan will drop from 5,000 to about 2,500.This is the main call of the militants, which signed a separate agreement with US officials in February.
Reducing military numbers could cost the Afghan government most of the benefits left in the negotiations.Ghani’s stance has already weakened when he agreed to release some 5,000 Taliban fighters detained under US pressure. To seal the February treaty
Pentagon officials said Tuesday the withdrawal of troops was expected to continue as planned, despite widespread opposition in Congress. The recently enacted Defense Policy bill prohibits the US government from using funds to pay without a “comprehensive interagency risk and impact assessment”, leaving little to the US military in the country.
Another stumbling block in the negotiations is the continued high-level attacks by the Taliban. The recent unclaimed massacre, including car shootings and car bombs, killed dozens of civil and democratic activists, journalists, government officials and others. Afghan officials have blamed the Taliban for the attack, and US military officials made the same accusation last week.
Zalmay Khalilzad, the Trump administration’s special envoy for Afghanistan peace, visited the region last week, holding meetings in Pakistan and Qatar, including Kabul, to ensure the US-Taliban accord would survive and put pressure on. give Nationwide ceasefire to pursue Doha negotiations
Khalilzad met a number of political leaders and diplomats here, but Ghani refused to meet him. The president, like many Afghans, felt betrayed by his generous deal with the insurgents. They now see Khalilzad pushing too hard for a rapid settlement among Afghans, especially amid local media reports that he is encouraging the interim government. Last week, Khalilzad called on both sides to reduce the violence. But it does not blame the Taliban for its recent targeted attacks.
Ross Wilson, the head of the US diplomatic mission in Afghanistan, said in a statement on Twitter Wednesday that the United States was not pushing for a new government.
“We do not support and the United States does not support the interim government,” he wrote. “The results of the Afghan peace negotiations depend on the Afghans, and we believe those results should reflect the wishes and aspirations of the Afghan people.” ”
Abdullah Abdullah, head of the Government Council for Peace and Reconciliation, has said for months that he would be open to building a temporary government if it would bring peace. Abdullah has been Ghani’s top contender in the past two elections for the presidency.
“We have to be flexible in our thinking,” Abdullah told the International Virtual Reality conference last year. “Nothing will lead us to a lasting, sustainable and acceptable peace for the people. All Afghans, including the Taliban. “
Some Afghan officials and experts have called on the provisional government only as a last resort.
“Establishing a temporary government now has to be premature and irresponsible,” said Dawood Moradian, director of the Afghan Institute of Strategic Studies. “It will mean the removal of the current government and its members will not have any real power to Make a deal There must be a fight among them. This could be the outcome of a discussion. But this could not have happened before “
But fears persist about what a provisional government will mean for democratic interests as the Taliban are forced out of power.
“The people of Afghanistan do not support the interim government, as there is no guarantee that establishing a government will end the war in the country,” said Parliamentary Mohammad Khalid Momand. ”
Sharif Hassan contributed to this report.