BERLIN – Germany has officially recognized the killing of tens of thousands of people from two ethnic groups more than a century ago in present-day Namibia as genocide.
Heiko Mas, German Foreign Minister Announcing the acknowledgment on Friday, it said: “In terms of the historical and moral responsibility of Germany, We will ask for forgiveness from Namibia and the descendants of the victims.”
He added that Germany would support Namibia and the descendants of the victims with more than $1.3 billion for recovery and development.
From about 1884 to 1915, Germany occupied many territories in Africa. colonies in southwest africa which is now Namibia It was established to provide more territory for the people. a campaign called “Lebensraum” At that time, urban areas in Germany were too densely populated due to the booming population.
After the settlers seized their land and livestock. The Heroro and Nama tribes rebelled against their rulers. German soldiers killed tens of thousands of them between 1904 and 1908. The survivors were forced into the desert and were later put into concentration camps where they were exploited for work.
Many people died of disease and starvation. Some, after medical trials, estimated that 80% of the indigenous populations of Herero and Nama died during the genocide.
In 1985 the United Nations report on genocide included the killings. But it wasn’t until Friday that the German government started using the same language.
The adoption came after nearly six years of negotiations between the German government and Namibia. earlier this week French President Emmanuel Macron has declared that France has a duty to face history and accept part of the suffering that has been inflicted on the Rwandans.