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Helicopters on Mars: NASA’s intelligence rotor survives on a cold first night.

Jezero Crater, an ancient lake on Mars and the current location of the Perseverance rover and Ingenuity helicopters, can drop to minus 130 degrees Fahrenheit. This is low enough to cause significant damage to the helicopter’s electrical components and batteries.

The 4-pound helicopter was finally separated from the belly of the Perseverance rover on April 3, which was hidden before the rover left the world in July.

Intelligence goes through a series of movements to unfurl from under the rover, which looks like a butterfly change, before dropping the last 4 inches onto the Martian surface.

“This is the first time Ingenuity has spontaneously spontaneously on the Martian surface,”

; MiMi Aung, Ingenuity program manager at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., Said in a statement. “But now we have confirmed that we have the right insulation, proper heating and enough power in the batteries to survive a cold night, which is a huge win for the team. We are excited to continue preparing our intelligence for the first time. Flight test “

Ingenuity Mars Helicopters: A Historic Journey to Fly on Other Planets.
When the intelligence flies, possibly on April 11, it will be the first powered and controlled flight on another planet. In a nod to the first success to take place on Earth, Ingenuity takes the fabric from the Wright Flyer Brothers 1 plane.

Its ingenuity, the first rotorcraft sent to Mars, presents a challenge to the engineers who designed it for a number of reasons. It needed to be small enough to be kept under the rover without affecting Perseverance’s mission, the first of its kind to find evidence of ancient microbial life on Mars.

The ingenuity has to be light in order to fly through Mars’ atmosphere, which accounts for only 1% of Earth’s existing atmosphere, while still being powerful enough to heat itself up and survive the night. A cold tuesday The thin nature of the Martian atmosphere makes it difficult to build lift and rise.

Shortly after Perseverance deposited Ingenuity in the middle of the airport, the rover retreated from the helicopter. This allows the helicopter’s solar panels to collect significant sunlight.

The Ingenuity helicopter can be seen on Mars as viewed by the Perseverance rover on April 4.

The attempted images returned the four legs of the helicopter sitting on the water surface. On April 4, the helicopters’ blades, which are currently stacked horizontally, will be released on April 7, and the Earth Mission team will send commands to the helicopters to “wiggle” the blades.

The helicopter also goes through a computer checkout that will allow Ingenuity to automatically fly through Mars’ atmosphere.

Ingenuity Mars helicopters prepare for their first flight on another planet.

Now, intelligence doesn’t borrow power and heat from the rover, the helicopter will send back information about the performance of the power and heat control system over the next two days. This will allow helicopter teams to determine the settings needed to ensure intelligence will survive the next 30 days of the mission.

The brilliance is a technology demonstration, meaning its mission is short compared to the rover’s two-year plan to explore the Jezero Crater.The helicopter is now on the Martian surface, with 31 Earth days or 30 Tuesdays to make it. Up to five test flights

During the first flight, the helicopter will attempt to rise into the air approximately 10 feet (3 meters) from the center of the flat 33 x 33 ft (10 x 10 m) airfield, turn and tap back down. Approximately 30 seconds, the future flight will test the helicopter’s ability to fly higher and longer.

This photo shows typical helicopter activities.

Meanwhile, the Perseverance rover will sit on a nearby vantage point and observe the flight, capturing video and audio. These will arrive to Earth a few days after the first flight.

When Ingenuity’s journey is over, the rover will focus on its scientific mission and begin to study rocks and collect samples that will be returned to Earth by future missions.

“Our 30 Seoul test schedule is full of exciting milestones,” Teddy Tzanetos, deputy head of operations for Ingenuity Mars helicopters at JPL, said in a statement. “Regardless of the future, we will get all the flight information we can within that time frame.”

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