Home / World / Iran’s enrichment is a concern. But weapon-grade uranium is not a bomb.

Iran’s enrichment is a concern. But weapon-grade uranium is not a bomb.



Iran’s uranium increase is 60 percent, not only But it’s the latest of the only escalating violations of the 2015 nuclear pact. But the Islamic Republic is the closest ever to producing weapons-grade fissile material.

For an anti-nuclear country, Iran is a worrisome development that has brought Tehran one step closer to exploding. But it is only one step, not the final step, to reach that goal.

In February, the Israeli Defense Force estimated that Iran would spend about two years producing nuclear bombs when it decided to do so. Most of the time, it is not necessary to produce the 90 percent enriched uranium necessary for weapons. But other components of the device, particularly the bomb detectors, which the Israeli army believe will take about 21

months to design and build.

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Although Iran has made advances in the fronts, But research began on the 2015 nuclear deal breach explicitly earlier this year in the production of uranium metal, a process of taking highly enriched uranium into a gaseous form and converting it into a hard metal, which is what. necessary To produce the core of a nuclear bomb – the general time frame of the IDF has not changed significantly.

Crucially in Israel and the United States, the current assessment is that Iran is not interested in “devastating” and resorting to nuclear bomb production. The Burmese government’s economy in recent years, due to American sanctions and the coronavirus outbreak, has made it possible to enter into diplomatic deals with the West by easing sanctions and investments. International, which is more attractive than atomic weapons.

An exterior view of the ‘Grand Hotel Wien’ in Vienna, Austria on April 9, 2021, where closed-door nuclear talks have been held with Iran. (Photo AP / Florian Schroetter)

The 60% increase is a highly provocative move that Iranian officials have publicly revealed in response to Israel’s alleged attack on the Natanz nuclear site earlier this month. But it is likely to escalate tensions for ongoing negotiations in Vienna between Iran and the United States through a mediator about a return to the 2015 deal, formally known as the Comprehensive Joint Action Plan.

It points out that moving to a higher level of enrichment has yet to be cleared in civilian use, which apparently has taken place in the face of Iran’s long-standing claim of its nuclear program. It is intended for non-violence.

Former US President Donald Trump canceled the 2018 deal, imposing heavy sanctions on the Islamic Republic and officials. That made Iran more violating the terms of the agreement, adding more and more uranium value than the JCPOA allows and conducting other prohibited nuclear research.

US President Joe Biden has committed to a return to the 2015 deal, setting clear goals during his campaign and has been active since his inauguration, hoping the agreement will serve as a starting point for his campaign. Continued negotiations with Iran

He called on Iran to return to compliance before the US lifted sanctions, while Tehran called for the reverse. But despite the apparent impasse, the Israeli military believes that the United States and Iran will eventually compromise and return to the JCPOA, both expressing their satisfaction with the progress of the negotiations in Vienna.

Add value

To produce nuclear bombs, Iran requires weapons grade uranium, which is enriched to 90% in its natural form. Generally, uranium consists of three main isotopes: uranium-238, uranium-235 and uranium-233, which differ with the number of neutrons. In the core (146, 143 and 142 respectively)

In a file photo on February 3, 2007, technicians work at the Uranium Conversion Facility outside Isfahan, Iran. (AP Photo / Vahid Salemi, Files).

Uranium-238 is the most common isotope, making up more than 99% of any piece of uranium. It’s radioactive But it is not a fissile, which means it cannot produce a chain-bomb that is required for nuclear weapons. On the other hand, uranium-235, which makes up less than three-quarters of a single percentage of uranium, is a fissile and is the main component required for atomic bombs (uranium-234 is less prevalent and not yet fissile. with)

To extract uranium-235, a powerful centrifuge is used, spinning uranium hexafluoride gas at a rapid speed until the isotopes begin to separate with atomic weight, with the heavier uranium-238 being pushed to the The walls of Centrifuge and lighter uranium-235 in the center.

It is a slow process that requires multiple rotations to collect more and more highly enriched uranium, that is, more and more uranium-235 isotope uranium-235.

With an increase of three to five percent, uranium can be used to power most nuclear reactors up to 20 percent. Uranium is highly refined and has far less civilian use. Uranium is considered a weapon grade and can be used as a nuclear bomb when it is improved by approximately 90%.

But weapon-grade uranium is not in and of itself, according to Olli Heinonen, a former deputy director-general of the International Atomic Energy Agency, that Iran could theoretically produce weapon-grade uranium in a week, even if it was not enough for bombs. Nuclear

One of the reasons it is believed that Iran chooses to enrich uranium to a higher level and to stockpile higher amounts of uranium as the main form of JCPOA violation is that it is an easily reversible step. As happened when Iran enters the deal, high-enriched uranium can be taken out of Iran and sold to Russia, resetting its watches. It was a move that incited Iran to face a nuclear front in order to increase tensions on its opponents. But what is understood to be not as important as other aspects of nuclear weapons construction.

“Although the deal can prevent the fissile material collection, But some research and development projects are irreversible, ”an Israeli military official said earlier this year.

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