In some cases, a politician’s career has been damaged or ruined in others, although leaders are not allowed to operate again. But their allies and political activism still survive and prosper.
In Peru, for example, lawmakers in 2001 banned President Alberto Fujimori from serving a decade after he was ousted in a corruption scandal. But his daughter Keigo, backed by his supporters, almost won the presidency in 2011 and 2016.Argentina’s President Juan Peron was overthrown in the 1955 coup and was banned. Compete again Not only did he return to the country’s top office in 1973, but his movement became a mainstay of Argentine politics – current President Alberto Fernández is Peronista.
In some cases in Latin America, Harvard political scientist Steven Levitzki said, “The legal ban on critical populist figures for anti-democratic behavior has not worked well. They are very shaky. “
That’s because those leaders showed themselves as martyrs and kept their popularity significantly, said Levitzki, co-author of “How Democracies Die,” many of whom supported politicians. But unable to vote for them
But letting abusive leaders return to work is also a problem, Levitzky said.
“If he is allowed to operate, the system will have to condone his behavior primarily,” Levitzky said. (Trump calls the prosecution effort “witch hunt”).
Here are some of the global leaders who were barred from reinstating and the downsides:
Fernando Collor de Mello, President of Brazil, 1990-92.
Two years into his presidency, Collor de Mello was indicted for corruption and was banned from serving for eight years. But his political career is not over: He was elected to the Senate in 2006 and was re-elected in 2014, another former Brazilian president, Luis Inazio Lula da Silva, is. Leader in another election in 2018 when he was banned by Electoral court because he was found guilty of corruption. That cleared the way for the elections of former top politician Jair Bolsonaro Lula grabbed his conviction and remains one of Brazil’s most popular politicians.
Alberto Fujimori, President of Peru, 1990-2000
Lawmakers declared conservative populism “morally inappropriate” amid a corruption scandal and fired him from the presidency in 2000. He was later banned from serving in public office. His daughter Keigo, dressed in his political robe called Fujimorismo, benefited from the support that her father remained among the poor Peruvians. She rose to leadership of the right-wing party in Congress and finished second in the 2011 and 2016 presidential race.Alberto Fujimori is serving a 25-year sentence for corruption and human rights abuses Keiko Fujimori. During an investigation into money laundering charges – she said she was innocent – but could run in the April presidential election.
Efraín Ríos Montt, President of Guatemala, 1982-83
The general took power in the 1982 coup and was discharged by the military a year later. The 1985 constitutional reform banned former coup leaders and their close relatives from running for president. Still, the former dictator ran for president in 2003, arguing that the provisions did not apply to him. He received just 11 percent of the vote but served in Congress from 2004 to 2012 in 2013 after losing a seat in Congress and not exempt from prosecution, he was convicted of genocide due to The brutal massacre of the Mayan people during Country civil war The sentence was reversed and he is being tried again when he died in 2018.Ríos Montt’s daughter, Zury, was a 2019 far-right presidential candidate but was disqualified under a constitutional ban.
Ehud Olmert, Prime Minister of Israel, 2006-2016.
After leaving office, Olmert was convicted of bribery, fraud, obstructing justice and violating trust and serving 16 months in prison.Israel law prohibits those found guilty. The “morally harassment” of Knesset was not kept in office for seven years since their release from prison after Olmert ended his sentence in 2017, he tried to clear the title. Although his reputation is tarnished But Olmert did not lose his followers because of this, the Israeli parliamentary system resonated with more parties than individual leaders.
Silvio Berlusconi, Prime Minister of Italy 1994-95, 2001-06, 2008-11
The right-wing media mogul and politician held the position of Prime Minister of Italy for over nine years between 1994 and 2011.In 2013, he was convicted of tax fraud. He was later expelled from the Senate and banned from serving in political office for six years. He continued to influence the Forza Italia party’s media tenure and leadership.The Italian court lifted a 2018 political ban earlier in the year, citing “good conduct” while Berlusconi’s party took on a “good behavior”. Declining popularity But he was given a seat in the European Parliament in 2019.