Home / Technology / Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter detects Perseverance probe after landing – Spaceflight Now

Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter detects Perseverance probe after landing – Spaceflight Now

NASA’s HiRISE Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter photographed the Perseverance probe on Feb. 24.Credit: NASA / JPL-Caltech / University of Arizona.

High-resolution cameras aboard NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter detected the Perseverance probe after landing on Red Planet last month, showing a nuclear-powered robot sitting on the Martian surface with a supersonic parachute and system components. Other landings scattered nearby

A high-resolution imaging science experiment of MRO, or HiRISE, the camera captured the perspective of the Perseverance rover at the Jezero Crater several times through the landing spot after the spacecraft arrived at Red Planet on February 18. On February 24, the rover was shown. And the surroundings are in color, there are scars on the Martian surface carved by the Perseverance bin before the touchdown.

The HiRISE engine is the most powerful camera ever sent to another planet. The telescope was developed at the University of Arizona with a telescope and is used to map the Martian surface, study planetary geology and spy landing sites for future missions.

MRO captured Perseverance on February 24 from a distance of about 180 miles (290 kilometers), according to NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory.The rover measures approximately 10 feet by 9 feet (3 by 2.7 meters).

Perseverance rover’s supersonic parachute and backshell 70.5 feet (21.5 meters) wide. Credit: NASA / JPL-Caltech / University of Arizona.

The Mars orbiter also saw the rover’s parachute a few miles northwest of the Perseverance landing site.The parachute was deployed after the rover entered the atmosphere and made the spacecraft. Slow down to low speed This was followed by a jettison of the spacecraft’s heat shield, which plummeted to the surface of Mars. Its ruins are located just east of the rover’s landing spot.

About a minute before the touchdown, the parachute and top of the rover’s aero shell, known as the backshell, will separate and the rocket-powered jetpack will guide perseverance along the way. Left to the surface of the water Eight variable rocket engines pulled off the rover’s remaining vertical speeds and the robot lowered under the descent process with three nylon harnesses.

Tactile effort landed on all six wheels and a descending process disconnected with the rover and flew northwest to maneuver to escape to a safe distance away from the rover. A The pedigree stage effect site is featured in MRO’s HiRISE image.

Endeavors are on a $ 2.7 billion mission to study whether the Jezero Crater region, once a lake reservoir, was once home to life on Mars in ancient times. The rover landed near sediment deposited by dry rivers that flow into a lake where Jezero and scientists plan to drive Perseverance to the delta to collect rock samples to eventually return to Earth.

NASA’s first Perseverance Rover on the Martian surface from the High Resolution Imaging Experiment (HiRISE) camera aboard NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) shows several parts of the Mars 2020 mission landing system that makes the rover. Stays safely on the floor This image was taken on February 19, 2021.This annotated version of the image shows the location of the parachute and the rear shell, the rover descent, the persistence and the heat shield. Each inset represents an area of ​​approximately 650 feet (200 meters). Credit: NASA / JPL-Caltech / University of Arizona.

The one-ton Mars rover also has instruments to track Mars weather, measures rock composition, and has the first microphone and zoomable camera to fly to the Red Planet.

Persistence also has a tool that demonstrates the production of oxygen from carbon dioxide in Mars’ atmosphere, a capability that could help future human space travelers.

Email the author.

Follow Stephen Clark on Twitter: @ StephenClark1

Source link