Home / World / Melting glaciers reveal WWI shelters and cave artifacts.

Melting glaciers reveal WWI shelters and cave artifacts.



During the war, the cave shelter was stationed by 20 Austrian soldiers in the Scorluzzo mountain in front of the Alps near the famous Stelvio Pass, historian Stefano Morosini told CNN on Tuesday.

As people know shelter, researchers were able to enter in 2017 as the surrounding glaciers melt, added Morosini, who is the scientific coordinator of the heritage program at Stelvio National Park and teaches at the University of Bergamo.

Inside they found food, plates and jackets made of leather and many other items, he said.

Such artifacts illustrate The “bad daily life” of the soldiers to deal with. Winter temperatures can drop to -40 degrees Celsius (-40 degrees Fahrenheit).

“The soldiers had to fight harsh environments, fighting snow or avalanches. But we also have to fight the enemy, ”Morosini said.

“The artifacts represent … the harsh conditions of life during the First World War,”

; he said, adding that other objects appear in the area every summer as the glacier melts.

“It’s a kind of open air museum,” Morosini said, five years ago that two soldiers’ bodies were found along with documents allowing identification and their remains to their families.

The cave shelter has Austrian soldiers stationed in Mount Scorluzzo.
Found a wide variety of objects including bottles and cans.

Morosini said the artifacts from the cave shelter will be preserved and will be part of this collection, opening in late 2022 at a museum dedicated to World War I in Bormio. Northern italy

The shelter was occupied on the first day of the war by Austrian forces, making it invisible from the Italian side or by aerial observations, according to the White War Museum, located in Adamello in northern Italy.

It sits at an altitude of 3,094 meters (10,151 feet) below the summit of Scorluzzo and has been excavated every July and August since 2017, removing approximately 60 cubic meters of ice from the cave.

View of the Stelvio glacier from Mount Scorluzzo.

A total of 300 objects were recovered, including mattresses, straw, coins, helmets, ammunition and newspapers.

“Our discovery in a cave on the Scorluzzo Mountain allowed us to live at an altitude of 3,000 meters, more than 3,000 meters above sea level. Hurry downhill, ”read the museum’s press release.

CNN’s Hada Messia contributed to this report.


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