Southfield, Michigan (Fox 2) – Michigan states that has confirmed the first case of the Hanta virus. which is a contagious disease from rats to humans in a woman cleaning an empty house in Washtenaw
According to the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS), the first human case of Sin Nombre hanta virus was found in the state. MDHHS said a woman who tested positive was more likely to get it when she Vigorously clean up desolate homes where rodent symptoms are present. The Sin Nombre virus is spread by deer and white-footed mice.
Hantavirus was first identified in the Southwestern United States in 1993. The virus causes hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), and has since first been discovered. Found to infect people all over the United States and America.
MDHHS said the woman was hospitalized with a serious lung illness. But did not specify her current symptoms.
Rats are carriers of the Hanta virus and humans become infected when freshly dried contaminated droppings are disturbed and inhaled. It then enters the skin or mucous membranes when drinking or eating. It can also be transmitted by bites from rats. The greatest risk of exposure occurs when entering or cleaning rodent structures.
“HPS is caused by some strains of the Hanta virus. It is a rare but severe and sometimes fatal respiratory disease. This can occur within one to five weeks after a person has been exposed to urine, droppings, or saliva from an infected rat. Chief Medical Officer and Deputy Chief Health Officer at MDHHS, “Anyone who has been in contact with rats carrying hantavirus is at risk for HPS, and health care providers suspected of hantavirus should contact their local health department to report a case. and discuss testing alternatives for confirmation.
There is no evidence that hantavirus can be passed from person to person.
Symptoms of HPS can include fever, chills, body aches, headaches, and gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. The illness can progress to coughing and shortness of breath.
has a mortality rate of 40%
How to prevent the spread of Hantavirus
This is because hantavirus is spread in the urine and droppings of mice and rats. You should wear rubber or plastic gloves when cleaning after signs of rodent infestation appear.
You should spray the droppings with a disinfectant or a mixture of bleach and water. Wet it very much and let it soak for 5 minutes, then wipe it with a paper towel and throw it in the trash. Then seal the trash bag and place it in another trash bag and dispose of it in the regular emptied bin.
Do not sweep or vacuum the mouse. or examining urine, droppings, or nests. This sends viral particles into the air as if they had been breathed.
When you’re done cleaning Wash gloved hands with water or spray with an antiseptic. then take it off and throw it away Then wash your hands with soap and water again.
Dr. Juan Luis Marquez, Medical Director of the Washtenaw County Department of Health, said: “We can prevent and reduce the risk of hantavirus infection by taking precautions and being alert to the possibility. of such infections “Use rubber, latex, vinyl, or nitrile gloves when cleaning rodent-infested areas. Ventilate the area at least 30 minutes before work. And make sure to clean the wet area with a disinfectant or chlorine bleach before cleaning.”
Hantaviruses are viruses and are susceptible to most disinfectants. (diluted chlorine solution, detergent, general household disinfectant which includes phenol Quaternary ammonium compounds and hypochlorite) depending on the environment. These viruses may survive less than a week in indoor environments and much shorter periods (hours) when exposed to outdoor sunlight. Special care should be taken when cleaning after rats. In the event that there are many rats It is recommended to consult with a pest control specialist.
How is Hantavirus different from Coronavirus?
The signs and symptoms of both hantavirus and coronavirus (COVID-19) are very similar – fever, tiredness, cough, difficulty breathing and muscle aches – are the most common symptoms of both viruses. Both had similar additional symptoms, such as headaches, vomiting and diarrhea.
But additional symptoms of hantavirus include dizziness, chills, nausea and stomach pain.
The incubation of hantavirus is much longer at 7 to 60 days.
Unlike COVID-19, Hantavirus cannot be transmitted from person to person.
On average There are about 20 to 40 hantavirus cases in the United States. It is generally on the west coast of the country. Cases have been reported throughout the year. but generally peak during spring and summer.