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Minimal vaccination hesitation helped revive California’s COVID.

Several factors prompted California to shift from the national center of the COVID-19 epidemic to one of the lowest rates in the United States.

But one weapon in the arsenal goes unnoticed very well: Californians’ common acceptance of the COVID-19 vaccine.

Federal data show that only 11% of Californians are expected to hesitate to get vaccinated, a rate lower than all but four states: Massachusetts, Vermont, Connecticut and Hawaii.

This lack of relative reluctance is undoubtedly a boon to the state̵

7;s vaccination campaign, although the Times analysis showed. Californians in some of the state’s more conservative rural areas are still less confident about taking pictures than their urban neighbors.

According to U.S. Department of Health and Human Services estimates, based on U.S. Census Bureau survey data, the seven counties of California indicate the most suspicions of the COVID-19 vaccine: Yuba, Del Norte, Plumas, Modoc, Siskiyou, Lassen and Kings.

The share of the population in those counties who are expected to receive the vaccine, which means they may not be or certainly not received the COVID-19 vaccine when it is present – ranging from 14% to 16%.

By comparison, the lowest wavering rates in California’s 58 counties – San Francisco, Marin, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Contrast, Costa Orange and Alameda – ranged between 7% and 9%. Federal estimates show.

Officials and experts say no one refutes the reasons some groups or individuals may be more skeptical about quantity than others.Some may be suspicious for political reasons or because of the distrust rooted in the healthcare system it looks at. Skipped or not recognized for a long time

Others may be uncomfortable with the speed at which the vaccine seems to be developed.

In Los Angeles County, where roughly 11% of the population may be reluctant to get vaccinated, health director Barbara Ferrer said she doesn’t think it’s unreasonable that people might “find out more. Before deciding on when and if To get vaccinated people who want to better understand safety issues and concerns “

“They want to make sure they understand. ‘Why worry about getting vaccinated? What is the efficiency of this? ”She said during a recent briefing.

There were signs that interest in the vaccine was recently waning in the county. In the past week, there was a 50 percent drop in first drug appointments and city officials announced on Friday that the Dodger Stadium vaccination facility, one of the largest in the country, will close by the end of the month. May

The fact that some people may be reluctant to get vaccinated is not surprising, officials and experts said. A portion of the population has long been external or hostile to all forms of vaccination and may not change even in the face of an epidemic.

While it is doubtful that the entire population will be fully vaccinated against COVID-19, health experts say the smaller share. But still significant, usually around 80% or higher is necessary to have herd immunity, which is a criterion for people to be sufficient. Prevents transmission that the corona virus is unlikely to spread.

Many people who refuse to be vaccinated will help lengthen California’s trip to far-flung protection. And as the vaccine launch enters its fifth month, there is concern that those eager to roll up their sleeves might be vaccinated and leave a much harder job ahead: persuading those reluctant to shoot.

Even if the state has immunity in the herd But there are fears that people with large numbers of vaccines in particular communities will continue to provide opportunities for widespread coronavirus transmission, which will help prolong the epidemic.

“We can’t hide behind what the mean numbers are. We have to look in our pockets. ”How can the infection be spread? Said Robert Kim-Farley, medical epidemiologist and infectious disease specialist and professor at UCLA Fielding of Public Health.

Although officials warned against reading too much in a slight geographic difference. But an approximate list of hesitations is organized neatly, though not all, with county-level vaccine coverage in California.

In Lassen County, for example, only 20% of residents have received at least one vaccine, which is the lowest rate in the state, according to data compiled by The Times.

Kings County had the third lowest rate of 25%; Yuba fourth lowest 27%; Fifth lowest Modoc 28%; And Del Norte, the seventh lowest at 31%.

Siskiyou and Plumas counties, though, are slightly better. But it still has one-off coverage, behind the statewide average.

On the other hand, counties of Alameda, Contra Costa, Santa Clara, San Mateo, San Francisco and Marin all rank among the top nine counties in every state in terms of at least partial vaccination, with coverage ranging from 56% to 66. % Orange County at 47.3%

Across the state, about 46% of Californians take at least one dose.

Dr. Aaron Kheriaty, MD, director of the medical ethics program at UC Irvine and member of the Vaccine Authority in Orange County, said it is important to recognize that “California’s population is not homogeneous, culturally, ethnically, morally and religious. And the medical differences between individuals, ”and to develop“ public health strategies that think through that diversity ”.

Among Californians who chose not to be at risk of vaccination, 59-year-old Mary Maguire, a West Los Angeles native, said she had a history of vaccine allergies. Still, the decision raised her anxiety amid the growing pressure to shoot.

“We know vaccines are not 100% safe and some people may have problems, even if they are small. It’s fine to write that it’s not a big deal until you become a problematic person, ”Maguire said.“ I believe in science – I’m not against vaxxer – and if I didn’t have this history, I’d probably get it. Now Many of us have legitimate concerns. ”

Terre Dunivant, 62, a graphic designer from San Luis Obispo, said she has no political objection to the vaccine. But she worries whether the potential effects will be fully studied in people with autoimmune disorders.

“I don’t believe they come up with a way to deal with the problem people I have,” said Dunivant, who suffers from sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis. Like going out there. “

While federal projections indicate that only a relative fraction of Californians may be disrupted from getting vaccinated. But other survey data found a much higher level of resistance.

In a statewide survey published in March by the California Institute of Public Policy, 21% of adult respondents said they may not be vaccinated or certainly not vaccinated.

Among those with the highest rates of hesitation, registered Republicans, 39% said they may or may not be vaccinated.

The opinions were shared by 19% of advisors and only 10% of Democrats were registered.

The seven counties in California with the highest rates of hesitation went to Donald Trump in the 2020 presidential election.

In the same PPIC survey, about 29% of black Californians said they may not be vaccinated or unvaccinated, down from 55% in January. Among Latinos, 22% were reluctant, a rate unchanged from the previous two months.

The view was shared by 20% of white people and 5% of Asian Americans.

The reluctance in the black community is partly the result of a historic distrust in the healthcare system, after racial inequality in access and events such as the famous US government Tuskegee trial used by doctors. Black men have been unwittingly tested for decades, with prolonged suspension of treatment for syphilis. After the treatment was found

Of those surveyed nationwide by the Census Bureau as of March 29, nearly half said they were reluctant to get the COVID-19 vaccine because of concerns about potential side effects, nearly 39% said they planned. To wait and see if the picture is safe or not

However, 36.1% said they did not trust the vaccine, 28.6% said they did not trust the government, 27.6% said they did not believe the vaccine was needed, and 20.3% said they did not know whether the vaccine would work.

Looking ahead, health officials said it was imperative to remove any potential barriers to access to the vaccine so that those on the fence would not face any obstacles when they decided to get off it.

California has been working with community PR groups to educate residents through trusted sources of vaccines and launch media campaigns in multiple languages ​​to try to connect with people who might be uncertain about the shot.

Times writer Rong-Gong Lin II contributed to this report.

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