Home / Science / NASA chose SpaceX Starship to land the next American on the moon.

NASA chose SpaceX Starship to land the next American on the moon.

SpaceX spaceship, human spaceship

An illustration of a SpaceX Starship human spacecraft design that will bring the first NASA astronauts to the lunar surface under Project Artemis.Credit: SpaceX.

NASA It is preparing to send additional astronauts to explore the moon as part of the Artemis project, and the agency has chosen. SpaceX To continue developing the first commercial human vehicle that will take the next two American astronauts to the lunar surface. At least one astronaut will make history as the first woman on the moon. Another goal of the Artemis program is to land a colored first person on the lunar surface.

The agency’s powerful Space Launch System rocket will send four astronauts aboard the Orion spacecraft for a multi-day expedition into lunar orbit. There, two crew members will move to the SpaceX Human Landing System (HLS) for the final leg of their journey to the lunar surface. After about a week of surface surveying, they will take off for a short return trip to orbit where they will return to Orion and colleagues before heading back to Earth.

The firm’s fixed price, the total contract award value is $ 2.89 billion.

“With this award, NASA and our partners will complete the first-ever team demonstration mission to the lunar surface in the 21st century as the agency moves forward for women’s equality and the term space exploration. “This important step puts humanity on the path to sustainable lunar exploration and an eye on missions distant in the combined solar system.” To Mars. ”

SpaceX worked closely with NASA experts during the basic period of HLS operations to inform the design of the landing craft and ensure it meets NASA performance requirements and human space flight standards. Key principles for a safe system These agreed standards range from engineering, safety, health and medical technology.

“This is an exciting time for NASA and especially for Team Artemis,” said Lisa Watson-Morgan. HLS project manager at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, said: “During the Apollo program, we proved possible to do the seemingly impossible: humans landed on the moon. By taking a collaborative approach to working with industry while leveraging NASA’s proven expertise and technical capabilities, we will once again send American astronauts back to the lunar surface, this time. To explore new areas for a longer period of time “

Artemis astronaut on the moon

Illustration of astronaut Artemis on the moon.Credit: NASA.

SpaceX’s HLS spacecraft, designed to land on the moon, is powered by the company’s tested Raptor engines and the aviation legacy of the Falcon and Dragon Starship vehicles.It includes a spacious cabin and two pilots’ lunar walkers. Space Starship architecture aims to evolve into a reusable launch and landing system designed for expeditions to the Moon, Mars and other destinations.

The HLS Awards are made under the Next Space Technologies for Exploration Partnerships (NextSTEP-2) Annex H Broad Agency Announcement (BAA).

In parallel with the implementation of the Appendix H Award, NASA intends to conduct a competitive procurement for a sustainable crewed lunar surface transportation service that will enable humans to reach the lunar surface using The gateway is an ongoing regular addition to the first demonstration mission.

With NASA’s Space Launch System, Orion spacecraft, HLS and Gateway’s lunar outpost, NASA and its commercial and foreign partners return to the moon for scientific discovery, economic benefits and inspiration for people. New generation Working with partners throughout the Artemis project, the agency will refine the precise landing technology and develop new locomotor capabilities so that new regions of the moon can be explored. The agency has proposed building new habitats and rovers, testing new electrical systems and more on the surface.These and other innovations and advancements made under the Artemis program will help ensure that NASA and its partners are ready. For the next big step in human exploration, it is the exploration of Mars.

Source link