NASA’s tiny Ingenuity helicopter survived the first night alone on the Martian surface after Perseverance dropped on Saturday. With the frigid temperatures of Mars, the newly installed rotor plane has undergone major autonomy tests, giving engineers the confidence to rehearse in preparation for their first flight this weekend.
“That’s one of the greatest and greatest achievements we have been waiting for, and now we can move on to the rest of our missions,” Teddy Tzanetos, Deputy Chief of Operations Ingenuity said Monday in a NASA live stream. Now we are on our own We are a separate spacecraft on Mars with our own energy. ”
The four-pound solar spacecraft arrived on Mars, strapped to the belly of NASA̵7;s Perseverance probe on February 18, the rover dropped Ingenuity’s defense last month to begin a meticulous and lengthy deployment process. One week, concluded last weekend with four Ingenuity landing legs firmly placed on the Martian surface for the first time. Shortly after, Ingenuity’s 13-megapixel camera took its first shot on the ground.
The attempt took a turn, kicking off the helicopter’s 31-day clock to conduct five flight tests and becoming the first craft capable of flying in another world. The first flight is currently scheduled for Sunday, April 11, with confirmation whether the effort was successful in arriving in the Mars-to-Earth data pipeline in the next day.
Engineers from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory confirmed that Ingenuity survived Mars’ chilly night temperatures of about -130 degrees Fahrenheit on Monday morning after the copter sent the signal back to the Mars-centered base station. Communication aboard Perseverance
For the first flight test this weekend, the brilliance rises nearly 10 feet from the surface and floats in position for about 30 seconds.It rotates as it slides to show fluid movement, then begins its descending one after another. Less for landing Engineers expect to receive a picture of Ingenuity’s mouse move on the morning of April 12, along with in-flight data.
The persistence depicts the back of its ingenuity shortly after dropping it on the “helipad”, a small area on one side of a track-shaped airfield. Subsequent tests within Ingenuity’s 30-day test window include flying up to 16 feet and zipping forward within the aviation zone. The copter will not perform any scientific missions while on Mars. Engineers have emphasized that this is just a flight demonstration.
Ingenuity’s four-foot twin rotor system rotates in reverse rotation at 2,400 rpm to produce a lift in Mars’ ultra-thin atmosphere.
Despite the compact and lightweight design of the copter. But now it is necessary to be fully powered separately from Perseverance’s power supply.To do this, the spacecraft has a solar panel above the propeller which is powered by six built-in lithium-ion batteries. A tissue box, which has computers about 100 times more efficient than Perseverance, and a tiny heater to keep itself warm throughout the frigid Mars night.