Home / Science / Nesher Ramla Hominin: Discovering a Previously Unknown Homo Type | Archeology, Paleontology

Nesher Ramla Hominin: Discovering a Previously Unknown Homo Type | Archeology, Paleontology

Nesher Ramla hominins lived between 420,000 and 120,000 years ago in the Middle East and have a distinctive blend of Nesher Ramla (especially tooth and jaw) and antiquity. transvestite (especially the skull) features; They’re so tech-savvy that they’re just linking to one. Homo Sapiens or Neanderthal man They are powerful hunters both large and small. use wood as fuel cooked or grilled meat and maintenance of lights

Fossils of Nesher Ramla hominin. Image Credit: Tel Aviv University.

Fossils of Nesher Ramla hominin. Image Credit: Tel Aviv University.

“Discovery…a new form. transvestite It is of great scientific importance.” Professor Israel Hirschkowitz said a researcher from the Department of Anatomy and Anthropology and the Schmunis Institute of Family Anthropology at Tel Aviv University.

“It allows us to understand previously unearthed human fossils. Added another piece to the Human Evolution puzzle. and understand human migration in the Old World.”


“Although they lived a long time ago, in the Late Middle Pleistocene, (474,000-130,000 years ago) Nesher Ramla was able to tell us interesting stories. It reveals many stories about the evolution and lifestyle of their offspring.”

Professor Hirschkowitz and colleagues discovered the hominin bone and related stone tools. as well as animal bones (horses, deer, and auroches) at the Nesher Ramla archaeological site in Israel.

“This is an extraordinary discovery,” said Dr Yossi Zaidner, a researcher at the Hebrew University’s Institute of Archaeology at Jerusalem and the Zinman Institute of Archaeology at the University of Haifa.

“We never thought that coupled with Homo Sapiens, ancient transvestite roamed around this area until late in human history.”

“Archaeological findings involving human fossils show that Nesher Ramla transvestite It has advanced stone tool manufacturing technology and tends to interact the most with local people. Homo Sapiens

Discovery of Nesher Ramla transvestite Challenging existing assumptions that Neanderthals originated in Europe.

before this new discovery Most researchers believe that Neanderthals belong to Europe. in which a small group of Neanderthals Forced to migrate south to escape the spreading glaciers. Some of them arrived in Israeli territory about 70,000 years ago,” Professor Hershkowitz said.

“The Nesher Ramla fossil made us question this theory. It says that the ancestors of the European Neanderthals lived in the Levant 400,000 years ago, repeatedly migrating west to Europe and east to Asia.”

“In fact, our findings indicate that Western Europe’s famous Neanderthals are just a fraction of the much larger population that lives here in the Levant. and not vice versa.”

Professor Rolf Quam, Research Fellow at the Department of Anthropology at Binghamton University Centro UCM-ISCIII de Evolución y Comporamiento Humanos, said: “The earliest fossils that characterize Neanderthals are Found in Western Europe Therefore, researchers believe that Neanderthals originated there,” and the Anthropology Division at the American Museum of Natural History.

“however Migration of species from the Middle East to Europe may genetically influence the Neanderthal gene pool during evolution.”

Researchers are careful not to attribute the Nesher Ramla fossil to a new species. transvestite.

Rather, grouping with earlier fossils from various sources in the Middle East, such as Tabun Cave (160,000 years old), Zuttiyeh Cave (250,000 years old) and Qesem Cave (400,000 years old), is difficult. All are classified and considered to represent the local human population that occupied the region approximately 420,000 to 120,000 years ago.

“People think in a paradigm. That is why efforts have been made to explain these fossils to known human groups such as Homo Sapiens, standing man, Homo Heidelbergensis or Neanderthals,” Dr. Rachel Sarik, a researcher at the Schmunis Institute of Family Anthropology. and the Department of Oral Biology Tel Aviv University said.

“But now we say: No, this is a group in itself. with different properties and characteristics.”

“In the later stages, a small group of Nesher Ramla transvestite immigrate to europe where they evolved into the classic Neanderthals we are familiar with. and including Asia which they have become ancient populations that look like Neanderthals.”

Professor Gerhard Weber, a researcher at the Department of Evolutionary Anthropology and the Core Facility for Micro-Computed Tomography at the University of Vienna, added.

“We think there are more lateral exchanges in Eurasia. and the Levant are geographically important starting points. Or at least a bridge to the process.”

The research is described in a journal article. science.


Israel Hershkovitz et al. 2021. Middle Pleistocene era transvestite from Nesher Ramla, Israel science 372 (6549): 1424-1428; doi: 10.1126/science.abh3169

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