Israeli scientists have discovered human remains that differ from Neanderthals that walked the earth 40,000 years ago.
The previously unknown human ancestor was called Nesher Ramla Homo by scientists who discovered the remains near the town of Ramla, south of Tel Aviv.
The fragments of the skull discovered at the site could be up to 140,000 years old.
The team believe that the Nesher Ramla Homo flourished in the Middle East 400,000 years ago and may be related to pre-Neanderthal Europeans.
Neanderthal or Homo sapiens NeanderthalsLikely to be extinct for many generations through breeding with their successors, early modern humans. but also face extreme weather conditions
“This is the first time we̵7;ve been able to connect the dots between samples. found in the Levant,” said Dr Rachel Zarik of Tel Aviv University.
“There are many human fossils from the caves of Qesem, Zuttiyeh and Tabun that date back to that period. which we cannot determine which groups are known to humans,” she said.
“But a comparison of their shape with newly released specimens from Nesher Ramla shows their inclusion in [new human] group.”
Also according to Dr Hila May of Tel Aviv University, this discovery will change the way we understand human evolution. The first identified Neanderthal remains were found in the Neandertal valley, Germany in 1856.
This has led some scientists to believe that early humans were born in Europe or were nomads who arrived in Germany from Asia.
That changed with the discovery of the first human remains in Kenya in 1974.
The advent of DNA analysis in the 1980s was another step forward in the study of early humans. Which once again points out that East Africa is the cradle of civilization.
last friday A series of papers published in the scientific journal The Innovation announced the identification of another ancient human, Homo longi, based on a well-preserved skull that was first discovered in 1933 but recently obtained. Verified by scientists only.
“Dragon Man” was named after the place where his skull was found in Harbin. Northeast China may be 300,000 years old.
Not just a caveman
“We never imagined that alongside Homo sapiens, Homo ancients roamed this area so late in human history,” said Dr Yossi Zaidner, chief archaeologist at Nesher Ramla.
Consistent with the modern understanding of Neanderthals, Nesher Ramla Homo is far more advanced than the primitive caveman images that were popular from the early 20th century.
“Archaeological discoveries involving human fossils show that ‘Nesher Ramla Homo’ has advanced stone tool manufacturing technology and is most likely interacting with local Homo sapiens,” said Dr Zaidner.