COLUMBUS (WCMH) – Researchers at Ohio State University’s Wexner Medical Center said they found a new type of COVID-19 in Columbus.
The center’s scientists have discovered a new strain of the COVID-19 virus that causes COVID-19, a mutation similar to the UK strain.
The release indicates that the strain is likely to arise from a strain of a virus already existing in the United States. The researchers also report the evolution of other U.S. strains that have undergone three other gene mutations not previously seen in SARS-CoV2.
“The Ohio State Wexner Medical Center has sequenced SARS-Cove-2 virus genomes in patients infected with COVID-19 since March 2020 to monitor the evolution of the virus. virus The new variant was discovered in one patient from Ohio, so the prevalence of stress in the population is not known to researchers, ”the paper said.
“The big question is will these mutations make today’s vaccines and treatment less effective,” said study co-author Peter Mohler and chief scientific officer at Ohio’s Wexner Medical Center and associate dean of research at Ohio State University. College of Medicine. “At this time, we do not have any reliable data that these mutations will have any effect on the efficacy of the vaccine currently in use.”
According to the researchers, the developing species, along with the three new mutations, became the dominant virus in Columbus over three weeks in late December 2020 and January.
Like the UK species, the mutations detected in both viruses affect the spikes that are embedded on the surface of the SARS-Cove-2 spike, allowing the virus to stick to and enter cells. Human As with the United Kingdom, the Columbus species mutation tends to infect the virus more easily, making it easier for the virus to spread from person to person.
“It is important that we do not respond too much to this new variable until we have more information,” Mohler said. And whether they have any significant impact on human health? In addition, it is important that we continually monitor the evolution of the virus so that we can understand the effect of the mutation pattern on both diagnostic and therapeutic design. It is important to make decisions based on the best science. “
“The new Columbus species has the same genetic backbone as the previous case we studied. But these three mutations represent important evolution, ”said study lead Dr. Dan Jones, vice president of molecular pathology.“ We know the changes are not due to viruses in the UK or South Africa. ”