Home / US / Raul Castro resigns as Communist Party leader, ending his era in Cuba.

Raul Castro resigns as Communist Party leader, ending his era in Cuba.

HAVANA (AP) – Raul Castro said on Friday he would resign as leader of the Communist Party of Cuba, ending an era of formal leadership that began with his brother Fidel. He and the country’s revolution in 1974 Year 1959

Castro, 89, delivered a speech at the opening of the coalition’s eighth congressional meeting, the only one permitted on the island.

He said he retired with the feeling of “completing his mission and being confident in his hometown’s future”.

“Nothing, nothing forced me to make this decision,”

; said Castro, as part of a speech to Congress closed on state television. To the stirrup to protect the homeland, the revolution and more powerful socialism. “

Castro did not say who he would endorse as the successor to the Communist Party’s first secretary general. But he previously said he prefers to allow control of 60-year-old Miguel Diaz-Ganel, who succeeded in the 2018 presidency and is a standard bearer of a new generation of loyalists. That drives an economic turn without touching any side of the Cuban system.

Images released by the official Cuban news agency show Castro wearing an olive green uniform to the meeting with Díaz-Canel. Be beside

Castro’s retirement means that for the first time in more than six decades Cuba will not have Castro formally guide their affairs, and it comes at a difficult time, with many on the island concerned. About what lies ahead

The coronavirus epidemic, painful financial reforms and restrictions imposed by the Trump administration have destroyed the economy, which shrank 11 percent last year as a result of the collapse of tourism and money transfers. The long-standing food and shortage has been brought back to reflect the The “special moments” that followed the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s.

The dissatisfaction is caused by the proliferation of the Internet and the ever-increasing inequality.

Much of the debate in Cuba has been focused on reform, with many complaining that Castro called it “a great deal”. The “historic generation” representing Castro were too slow to open up the economy.

In January, finally Díaz-Canel It ignited plans that had already been approved for two past parliamentary meetings to unify the island’s currency pair system, sparking fears of inflation. He also opened the door to a wider range of non-governmental organizations – a category that was long-banned or severely restricted – allowing Cubans to legally run self-run businesses from home.

This year’s meeting is expected to focus on unfinished reforms aimed at overhauling state-owned enterprises, attracting foreign investment and providing more legal protections to private business activities.

The Communist Party is made up of 700,000 activists and is assigned to the Cuban constitution to govern national and social affairs.

Fidel Castro, the revolutionary leader that expelled dictator Fulgencio Batista from power in 1959, became the official party leader in 1965, about four years after formally adopting socialism.

He quickly absorbed the old party under his control and was the country’s unsuspecting leader until falling ill in 2006, and in 2008 gave the presidency to his brother Raul, who had fought alongside. Him during the revolution

Raul succeeded as party leader in 2011.Fidel Castro died in 2016.

Throughout his life, Raul played a second string with his brother Fidel – the first being a guerrilla commander, later a senior in their socialist government. But over the past decade, Raul has faced Cuban communism and opposition to efforts by the United States to oust its socialism.

The fourth of seven children of Spanish immigrants in eastern Cuba, Raul joined his charismatic brother in a nearly suicide attack in Moncada barracks in the eastern city of Santiago in 1953 and survived. Suppression was followed by the forces of the dictator Fulgencio Batista.

He was the front line leader in the ensuing guerrilla war, led by Fidel who toppled Batista. And he served the next generation or two as chief of the armed forces and eventually as Fidel’s designated successor. Over the years he was seen as more of an Orthodox communist than his brother.

But Raul was the one who reached an agreement with US President Barack Obama in 2014 that created the widest exposure to Cuba since the beginning of the 1960s, sparking strong U.S. contact with the United States. Most of the turn, under Obama’s successor, Donald Trump.

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