Researchers at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, or Fermilab in Illinois, have found new evidence suggesting that the particles in the atom called the muon do not comply with known laws of physics while. New York Times report
Muons are very similar to electrons. But with 207 times as much mass, they also tend to decay very quickly into electrons and light particles known as neutrinos.
Exposed to a strong magnetic field by sending a 46-foot magnetic ring to Fermilab, the team found that the muons wobble in totally unpredictable ways that were totally unexpected, astonishing researchers.
According to the standard theoretical model of how particles interacted in the second half of the 20th century, these movements could be measured and predicted in great detail.
It was a pivotal moment for the field of quantum physics. If the results obtained from the experiments at Fermilab can be written down how we understand the fundamental laws governing physics, at least as we know today.
“The volumes we measure reflect the Mion̵7;s interactions with the rest of the universe,” said Renee Fatemi, a University of Kentucky physicist and experimental manager, in an official statement. By using all of the known forces and particles in a standard model, we don’t get the same answer. “
“This is clear evidence that muon is sensitive to what is not in our best theory,” added Fatemi.
That raises a big question: What force of nature makes Miwon rocking? The researchers suggest it could be an unexplained and unexplained source of matter and energy from standard models, in other words, the fifth fundamental force of nature to be added to electromagnetic gravity. As well as strength and Weak interactions between nuclei
New experiments are made in a series of papers sent to journals. Physical review letterConfirmation of previous results found during experiments at Brookhaven National Laboratory in 2001.
“After 20 years since the Brookhaven experiment ended, it is very gratifying that this puzzle was finally solved,” Fermilab scientist Chris Polly, who has worked on the two experiments, said in a statement.
There is still a chance that the new Fermilab measurement will be wrong: it’s one in 40,000 to be exact, meaning that scientists still can’t formally claim a finding based on physics standards as well. time Point out.
Less than 6 percent of the data collected by the Fermilab trial, Polly said, was analyzed. “While these first results tell us there are some interesting differences with the standard model, we will learn more in the In the next few years, he said.
Still, physicists around the world are excited, “Obviously, this is very exciting, possibly pointing to a future with new laws of particle physics and new powers that we have never seen before,” said University researchers. Manchester and British trials leader Mark Lancaster said. BBC.
Ben Allanach, a researcher at the University of Cambridge, who was not involved in the trial, hopes the results will eventually be validated. “My Spidey was tingling and told me this would be true,” he said. With a British broadcaster
Read more: Findings from particle research may break known laws of physics[[[[New York Times)
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