- A low-carb diet can cure type 2 diabetes after six months.
- A review of studies confirmed that a low-carb diet was the best option. But the benefits may decrease after a year.
- More research is needed on the long-term effects of the diet.
- Visit the Insider’s homepage for more stories.
A strict low-carb diet may be the best bet for type 2 diabetics to enter remission, a new study suggests.
The metadata findings, published Wednesday in BMJ, are in line with the American Diabetes Association’s official recommendation that reducing carbohydrates is the best way to lower blood sugar.
The analysis summarized data from 23 randomized controlled trials involving more than 1,300 people with type 2 diabetes.Most studies compared low-carb or very low-carb diets, which assigned fewer than 26 calories from carbohydrates. % Or 10% daily, respectively, with a low-fat diet.
Overall, patients on a low-carb diet for six months had higher rates of relief than those who tried other dietary changes.
Dr Mark Cucuzzella, a professor at West Virginia University School of Medicine who has published several studies on diet change and diabetes, said reducing carbohydrate intake and eating more nutritious foods could help. Allowing the patient to return to the path of the disease
“The good news about diabetes is diet-related disease, so it can be reversed with lifestyle measures that target carbohydrates,” Cucuzzella, who was not involved in the study, told Insider. Just another set of studies that have shown this can be done.
People with type 2 diabetes are “allergic to carbohydrates”.
While the term doctors often use to describe type 2 diabetes is “insulin resistance,” Cucuzzella says, another way to consider it is someone with the condition. “Allergy to carbohydrates”
“Their bodies don’t metabolize and respond well to carbohydrates, and the end result is high insulin levels, which precede high blood sugar or high blood sugar,” explains Cucuzzella.
Fat and protein don’t cause blood sugar spikes like carbohydrates, so cutting back on snacks and starches can help people control diabetes along with medication.
Other options for managing diabetes include bariatric surgery by removing the stomach and intestines, or shaking therapy for 800 calories a day, so cutting back on carbohydrates is relatively easy, Cucuzzella says.
Sticking to a low-carb lifestyle is the hard part.
Most of the benefits of the low-carb diet were seen after six months, such as improved body fat weight loss and lower drug use, which were reduced by the 12-month mark.
The reduced benefits may arise because patients do not adhere to diet over time, the authors hypothesize. But more research is needed to explore adherence and long-term effects. Some participants reported lower quality of life and lower cholesterol levels after 12 months.
Cucuzzella says treating diabetes is like holding a beach ball underwater. If patients let their dietary changes postpone, the disease can be easily reversed. However, he said, the short-term benefits bode well for the overall effectiveness of the diet and pointed to patient support as the next step.
“If you can show something that works for six months when nothing works but not eating and emptying, we need to find a way to encourage people to keep on this plan.”