A arc-shaped eruption in the Sun was recorded by NASA̵

7;s Solar Dynamics Observatory on June 18, 2015. The eruption ultimately turned into a massive coronal mass emission, or CME, a giant cloud of solar material.

Massive explosions on the Sun reveal new clues about the cause of these powerful and unpredictable eruptions. A new study published this week indicates

In addition, uncovering the mystery will help scientists better predict the eruptions that cause dangerous space weather on Earth.

The explosion, which occurred in March 2016, consisted of elements of three different types of solar eruptions that often occurred separately – making it the first such event to be reported, NASA said in a statement.

“This incident is The ‘lost connection’ where we can see different types of eruptions. These explosions come in neat little packages,” said Emily Mason, lead author of the new study and a solar scientist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center. same at different levels.”

According to NASA, solar eruptions usually occur in one of three forms: coronal ejections; jet or partial eruption Coronal ejections and jets are both explosive explosions that deliver energy and particles into space. But they look very different.

as the jets erupted into narrow columns of solar material But the coronal mass ejection creates massive bubbles that expand, push and etch by the sun’s magnetic field.

On the other hand, some eruptions begin to erupt from the surface, but don’t assume there’s enough energy to leave the sun. Therefore, most of the material falls to the solar surface.

In the 2016 explosion, all three types of eruptions occurred in the same event.

This is why scientists refer to the event as an eruption of the “Rosetta Stone,” a reference to the Rosetta Stone, an artifact of hieroglyphics, demotic and ancient Greek writing, that helped scholars decipher the hieroglyphs. Finally got .com

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“This is important to us on this planet. especially This is because the coronal mass emission releases a large number of charged particles. and potentially disrupt the global utility grid. and harms astronauts and space technology,” said.

Scientists hope they will be able to determine the root mechanism responsible for the 2016 solar explosion and other characteristics. How was that discovered? by modeling the 2016 volcanic eruption and other discoveries since then. Finding the trigger will ultimately allow scientists to predict when a major eruption could threaten Earth and Mars hours in advance. By giving enough time for astronauts and spacecraft operators to take precautionary measures, NASA reported.

The new study was presented June 7, 2021 by Mason at the American Astronomical Society’s annual meeting and is accepted for publication in Scientific American. Astrophysical Journal Letters

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