Home / Science / SpaceX Made It Easier: Elon Musk’s Quick Guide to Space Company

SpaceX Made It Easier: Elon Musk’s Quick Guide to Space Company

SpaceX, a rocket company founded by tech billionaire Elon Musk, was created with a mission to take humans to Mars. Almost two decades NASA astronauts go into orbit And achieved other important milestones along the way.


Elon Musk was featured in a National Geographic film during the launch of Falcon Heavy.

Video screenshot by Amanda Kooser / CNET

If you have trouble following SpaceX̵

7;s plans Replaced international airline flights with orbital rocket travel.Create file Global broadband network And developing rocket Mars, don’t worry We built this SpaceX primer so you can get your speed up fast.

How did SpaceX get started?

In 2002, Musk and friends traveled to Russia to buy a refurbished intercontinental ballistic missile. The Silicon Valley genius who made money for millions of internet startups didn’t want to start a business at the time. He wants to spend big money, or perhaps all his luck, on stunt work, he hopes to spur interest in NASA funding and space exploration.

The idea is to buy Russian rockets cheaply and use them to send plants or rats to Mars and hopefully bring them back too. In principle, this phenomenon will once again excite the world with space. But Musk’s Moscow meeting did not go well, and he decided to build the rocket himself, calculating that he could undercut existing contractors in the process.SpaceX was formed just a few months later.

What is a Falcon 9 rocket?

Musk initially hoped to reach Mars by 2010, but bringing the rocket into orbit took six years. SpaceX Falcon 1 orbits Earth For the first time on September 28, 2008, it paved the way for a Model Nine-Engine rocket, the Falcon 9, the company’s working horse. Since its first release in 2010.

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The Falcon 9 is a two-stage orbital rocket used to deliver satellites to companies and governments, deliver the International Space Station and deliver. The US Air Force’s top secret space plane In a long mystery mission Over the past nine years, the company has flown more than 80 Falcon 9 missions.

What sets the Falcon 9 apart from the competition is its unprecedented ability to send payloads into orbit and then return to Earth first by landing on hard ground or On the landing pad of drones floating in the seaAnother SpaceX innovation.After a few failed attempts at explosions, the Falcon 9 finally landed safely on December 22, 2015, and a few months later, a few months later it touched the drone. For the first time, multiple recoverable Falcon 9 rockets have flown and landed again.

On May 11, 2018, SpaceX made its debut. Rocket Block 5 Falcon 9Designed to be reused up to 100 times with periodic updates in 2020, we’ve seen several Falcon 9 accelerators launch and land for the seventh time in their careers. Reusing the nasal cones has become a daily routine.

Flying dragon

SpaceX’s Dragon ship was used to carry cargo to the International Space Station, and on May 31, 2020, Crew Dragon made history as the first commercial spacecraft to send astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley to the International Space Station. Dragon is also the first commercial spacecraft to be recovered after traveling from orbit.

NASA chose the Crew Dragon along with Boeing’s Starliner as the first spacecraft to bring astronauts to the International Space Station since the end of the shuttle program. The initiative failed in April 2019 when no one was free. Crew Dragon explodes during ground testing. Due to a leak in the pressure system

But the first flight of the Crew Dragon with humans on board was a success. Hurley and Behnken then rode the dragon back to Earth. A few months later and a group of four other astronauts, including one from Japan’s JAXA, took off for a second trip to orbit Crew Dragon in November 2020.

Hawk lifting heavy objects

SpaceX gained a lot of attention in February 2018 when it Falcon Heavy launchIt is the most powerful rocket launched in the US since the Saturn V that sent astronauts to the moon. Essentially, three Falcon 9 rockets in a row, the massive launch system delivered a test payload consisting of Musk’s personal red Tesla Roadster in the direction of Mars.Two of the Falcon 9s that make up the Falcon Heavy also land almost ready. Together at Cape Canaveral, Florida.

More than 15 years after his first trip to Moscow, Musk finally pulled off the international phenomenon he conceived in 2001, and he also built a viable business in the process.

Falcon Heavy’s second launch took place on April 11, 2019, and was followed by the first three successful launch of the first three rocket axes.The third Falcon Heavy launch was carried out on date. June 25, 2019, and SpaceX has taken it to the next level. Handle fairing load (A nose cone that protects the load during release) using a boat fitted with a large net

As for Starman, he finally did. Mars flyby in October 2020

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How to track Falcon flights

You can watch every Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy launch through the company’s website and YouTube channel – only a handful of them use CNET Highlights, with each broadcast being live approximately 15 minutes before the scheduled launch time. hold

To keep up with the ever-changing launch schedule, the best source is the SpaceX Twitter feed.It’s also a good idea to follow Musk’s account if you haven’t already. You can also check out our own feed of SpaceX stories to speed up what the company is doing.

Spacecraft to the moon and mars

SpaceX plans to use the Falcon Heavy to launch heavy payloads in the coming months. But it is working on a bigger rocket called Starship (previously known as the BFR, Big Falcon Rocket or Big F *** ing Rocket). Musk hopes that the larger rocket will be able to carry cargo and eventually the passengers. It is a human being around the world and the solar system. He drew pictures using Starship to cross to people. Very fast international flight through space And finally, the unbuilt bases on the Moon, Mars, etc.

Single engine A prototype spaceship called Starhopper dropped to the ground. For the first time on July 25, 2019, it floated about 20 meters (66 feet) above the ground before landing a short distance at the SpaceX test center in southern Texas. This was followed by a few more jumps in late 2019 and mid-2020.

The first high altitude flight of a rocket-looking prototype will arrive on December 10, 2020. The prototype SN8 flew successfully. To the approximate cruising height of a commercial jet, then overturning to enter the landing However, it came a little early and the flight ended in a spectacular explosion. We expect to see a few more high-flying tests in 2021 with the goal of landing and reaching orbit soon.

The SpaceX SN8 flies high and glides in difficulty.

SpaceX / CNET captured a video by Jackson Ryan.

Musk presented his plans for a large city on Mars at the meeting. Two International Aeronautical CongressBut he hasn’t given many details of what life will be on the Red Planet, he said, saying SpaceX was primarily interested in providing transportation while leaving others concerned about infrastructure, but company president Gwynne Shotwell said it might. It would make sense for SpaceX’s sister venture. The Boring Company to drill a tunnel on Mars That can be used as a habitat for humans

Paul Wooster, the company’s chief engineer for the Mars plan, said at the Mars Society meeting in 2018: The first people to be sent to the Red Planet live on the landed Starship spacecraft. And so on while building homestays, landing pads, and other default infrastructure.

Places to visit in Starlink

SpaceX isn’t just working to bring things into space. It also started operating in space to bring the universe to us. In May 2019, the company Launch of the first 60 small satellites. Designed to lead large broadband satellite constellations, the plan was dubbed. Starlink is the use of as many as 42,000 satellites in Earth’s low orbit. To cover the world with high-speed internet, the company said the service could generate a new revenue stream to help support its expensive Mars ambitions.

The second set of 50 satellites was launched six months later, with many increasing in sequence quickly. The size of the project has some astronomers concerned that a sky filled with thousands of satellites might interfere with their observations. The newly launched satellite trains are: Easy to see from the ground As they gain altitude, SpaceX said it plans to work with astronomers and take action to reduce Starlink’s impact on astronomy, including launching a satellite with a sunshade called a “visorsat” to mitigate the impact of Starlink. Reflect light

At the time the company operated the first 1,000 Starlink satellites to be launched. Beta broadband service launched. In the last quarter of 2020 limited to north latitude. Expect the rollout to be extended in 2021.

What’s next?

Since its inception, SpaceX has been targeting Mars, but the company has been involved in non-space-related projects on Earth, such as high speed. Hyperloop transport concept. Musk’s Boring company tunneling And most of the traffic mitigation operations are from SpaceX’s Southern California headquarters.

Unlike other big Musk companies like Tesla Motors, SpaceX is not publicly traded.Musk said he does not plan to take SpaceX public until the company realizes its Mars ambitions. That means SpaceX could fit as the home of Muskian’s other future projects, such as Hyperloop and Boring Company in the meantime.

Originally published on June 2, 2018 and updated as new SpaceX developments arrive.

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