DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (AP) – The battle for an ancient desert city in war-torn Yemen is now key to understanding the broader tensions now plaguing the Middle East and the challenges facing the Middle East. President Joe Biden’s administration has to face any regional efforts.
Fighting is going fierce in the mountains outside Marib as Iranian-backed Houthi rebels holding Yemen’s capital Sanaa try to seize the city, which is critical to the country’s energy supply.
Saudi Arabia, which has been leading a military coalition since 2015 supporting Sanaa’s exiled government, launched an air strike after air strikes to destroy the Houthi bound for Marib. A missile deep in Saudi Arabia that faces the global oil market.
The battle for spoil is likely to outline any political settlement in Yemen’s second civil war since the 1990s, if seized by the Houthis, the rebels could press that advantage in the negotiations and continue. Going further south as well If Marib was taken by Yemen’s internationally recognized government, it could save its sole stronghold as the separatists challenge their power elsewhere.
The fight also squeezes pressure on America’s most powerful alliance in the Arabian Gulf and prevents the US from returning to Iran’s nuclear deal. Even complicating efforts by the Biden administration to gradually shift large numbers of U.S. military operations to the Mideast in response to what it sees as an emerging threat to China and Russia.
The loss of the Marib will be “the last bullet of the internationally recognized head of government,” said Abdul Ghani al-Ayani, senior researcher at the Sanaa Center for Strategic Studies. Loss of organs of Yemen You are looking at an era of insecurity and humanitarian crises. You’ll also get a free-for-all theater viewing for regional intervention. ”
The ancient OASIS became the vanguard of war.
Located 120 kilometers (75 miles) east of Sanaa, Marib sits on the edge of the Arabian Peninsula’s Empty Quarter desert at the foot of the Sarawat Mountains that flow along the Red Sea. It is believed to be the home of the biblical Queen of Sheba.Who gave King Solomon spices and gold. The Quran is the site of a great flood that accompanied the collapse of ancient dams.
The disaster that gripped the city today is entirely man-made. More than 800,000 refugees fled the Houthi’s occupation of Sanaa in September 2014 and the ensuing war has raised the city’s population, according to the United Nations Refugee Agency.
Using Marib, or cutting it off, will be a big reward for the Houthis, home to oil and gas fields that international companies including Exxon Mobil Corp. and Total SA have benefited. Its 29 million population used to power Yemen’s 40 percent of Yemen’s electricity.The state-of-the-art Marib dam is an important source of fresh water for the arid country, although it is not fully developed even in peacetime.
When Saudi Arabia went into Yemen’s war in 2015 on the exile side of the government, the kingdom was allied with the Marib tribe, who had long viewed the Sanaa and the Houthis as their disapproval. Another important political power is Isla, a Sunni Islamist political party, which is Yemen’s branch of the Muslim Brotherhood. These different forces are the lifeline for Yemen’s exiled government, which has faced pressure from a separatist coalition in the south.
Ahmed Nagi, a non-resident Yemen expert at the Carnegie Middle East Center, said in early autumn 2019 Saudi Arabia. Citing two Houthi officials familiar with the conversation, Nagi said the latter channel agreement made both Saudi citizens and rebels refrain from attacking populated areas.
But when the Houthis started to advance again in MaribSaudi Arabia returns to campaign for heavy bombing again.
As for the Houthis, “they think they have received more from war than peace talks,” Nagi said for the Saudis. “If they lose, they will not have a card on the negotiating table.”
Yemen captures the region
The escalating conflict around Marib coincides with a major shift in US policy towards war. President Donald Trump’s administration has declared the Houthis a “foreign terrorist organization” after a Saudi campaign supporting the move.
Biden cancels Houthi terrorist appointment after taking office He also announced that the United States would end support for Saudi Arabia’s offensive combat operations in Yemen, saying “the war must end.”
But the fighting around Marib has intensified, despite the recent Saudi Arabia offering a cease-fire deal.Iran’s dissatisfaction over the failure of the Biden administration to quickly lift sanctions resulted in “intensifying attacks by groups in Iraq and in Yemen as well,” said Aniseh Bassiri Tabrizi, an Iranian scholar from Royal. United Services Institute of England.
“Iran is trying to send a message to the United States,” Tabrizi said, “a message that the status quo is not sustainable.”
As experts debate how much control Iran has over the Houthis, rebels have launched more bomb-drones previously linked to Tehran deep within the empire. Those attacks included drones that hit a parked commercial plane. And others targeting large oil plantsShake the price of power temporarily
“Removing the US administration’s Houthis from the list. (Foreign terrorist organizations) appear to have been misinterpreted by the Houthis, ”the Saudi government said in a statement to The Associated Press.“ Misreading the measure has given them the support of the Iranian regime to increase fighting. ”
Since the war began, the Houthis have launched more than 550 explosive drones and more than 350 missiles to Saudi Arabia. While causing at least one injury, injury and death, the war in Yemen has reportedly killed more than 130,000.Saudi Arabia has been repeatedly criticized for air strikes that kill civilians and ban intensifying hunger in starvation countries.
And even if Biden pulled back support But US planes and weapons sold to Saudi Arabia are still targeting Yemen.Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, has linked the kingdom’s armed forces with America to make the war happen.
“I’m asking Americans this question: Do you know what will happen to Saudi Arabia on the day you green light them into the Yemeni war?” Khamenei asked in a March 21 speech. That you are sending Saudi Arabia into a quagmire. “
US MIDEAST implementation
Biden’s attempt to end U.S. involvement in Yemen’s war comes as his administration attempts to revert to Iran’s nuclear deal with world powers. Indirect talks began Tuesday in Vienna.
“Iranians are eager to exchange their Yemen cards for something more durable,” said Al-Ayriyani, a researcher at the Sanaa Center.
Such an arrangement could suit the interests of Americans. Biden’s Department of Defense is looking to deploy troops, especially those in the Mideast, among what experts call The “conflicting superpowers” that America faces with China and Russia..
Pulling soldiers from the Mideast could bolster America’s forces might need elsewhere. However, doing so tends to be easier said than done.
In Yemen, every American president, since George W. Bush, has fired drones at Al-Qaida targets in the Arabian Peninsula, which Washington has long considered to be the deadliest offspring of armed groups, Biden himself has not yet. The strike was made, although the group continued to operate in the east of the country.
US troops remain in Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria. Meanwhile, Gulf Arab nations such as Saudi Arabia rely on US forces stationed in their country to counter Iran.
The US Army sent troops to Saudi Arabia in 2019.Anti-missile battery installed amid tensions with Iran However, American forces recently downgraded that presence.
“The Kingdom believes that the presence of the United States in the region can help promote regional stability and stability by supporting allies facing transnational threats supported by the Iranian regime. Primary, ”the Saudi government said. Did not comment specifically on the new deployment.
Overall, American forces will remain in the middle of the territory as they remain vital to the global energy market and include a major choke point at sea for global trade, said Aaron Stein, director of research at the International Policy Research Institute. The Philadelphia country said. What those forces, however, will change as the United States weighs in on how to counterbalance Iran with a return to a nuclear deal, he said.
“It doesn’t solve the Iranian problem,” Stein said. “It puts us in a place to manage it like we’re in nursing home care.”
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