Two Senegalese young men met aboard an immigrant ship bound for Europe in 2006, a record year for Africans to the Spanish Canary Islands.
Since then, one person has died of a heart attack and fled from Spanish police and another is running for a polarized election on Tuesday to seek a seat at Madrid’s regional convention.
Serigne Mbaye doesn’t just want to fight what he thinks it is. “Structural racism” with African immigrants It also challenges the history of the non-reality of the black and other black communities in Spanish politics.
“That was the beginning of discrimination,” the 45-year-old told The Associated Press.
In 2018, he failed to secure a legal work and a residence permit.A man he met on board – Mame Mbaye had no relationship – died of a heart attack as a result of police cracking down on a fringe dealer. road
Serigne Mbaye, who at the time represented mostly black African hawks, became one of the voices most opposed to Spanish alien law, saying it was linking immigrants arriving to the United States. Unlawful underground business The regulations also punished them with imprisonment for minor offenses, leaving them with a criminal record affecting their chances of obtaining a residence permit.
“His pictures at night when we’re on a boat always haunt me,” said Serigne Mbaye, now Spaniard. “The only fact that he is dead and I am alive is because of the unjust laws that condemn and punish us, some of us do it, some can spend 20 years in a vicious cycle without documents.”
Mbaye is working on a ticket purchase with the anti-stern United We Can party, a low-level ally in the country’s governing body, the Socialist Front led by the Socialist Party.
Few of the blacks are successful in Spain’s foremost politics.Rita Bosaho, born in Equatorial Guinea, is now Director of Racial and Ethnic Diversity at the Spanish Ministry of Equality for the year. In 2015, becoming the first black lawmaker in four decades of democratic rule, Luc André Diouf, who emigrated from Senegal, was elected to Spain’s lower house in 2019.
At the lower regional level, Mbaye wanted to show that “Madrid is diverse”
“The presence of black people on the show surprised many in this way that made many people think,” he said.
Vox, the country’s increasingly powerful far-right party, has retaliated against Mbaye’s candidacy with an Instagram post vowing to deport him, although this was impossible because of the left-hand candidate. Most are Spanish citizens. With a mix of patriotism and populist incitement, Vox becomes the third force in the National Parliament and could become Madrid’s May 4th electoral authority.
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“Basically, they say, because I’m black, there’s no place for me here,” Mbaye said. “These are the criminal messages for us, and we still get it.”
Vox is also making waves with a massive subway ad citing inaccurate numbers compared to Madrid’s public spending on unaccompanied minors against the alleged average wages for retirees. The party blames 269 minors, 6.7 million in the region, for escalating insecurities.
The judge ruled that the billboards were under free speech, but when Vox was accused by opponents of racism, the party said the Crusade was only against illegal immigration and that the racist party would not have a mixed spokesperson. In the regional parliament of Catalonia in the northeast, it is Rafael Garriga, a dentist of Belgian and Equatorial Guinean descent.
“Surrounding them with what they see as some reverence, they seek to justify racist remarks while not crossing certain legal lines,” said Antumi Toasijé, historian, council chief. National Against Ethnic Discrimination
He said stepping up to the far right and the polarization on social media normalized hate speech in Spain.
The Black Lives Matter movement led to the biggest anti-racism protest in Spain last year. But while many condemn the killing of black citizens by police in the United States, few reflect local racism or Spanish slavery colonial history, and according to Toasijé. “It’s a long tradition of trying to wipe out ethnic groups”
In countries where the census did not ask race or ethnicity, as in most Europe, a recent government study listed just over 700,000 blacks in Spain.
Toasijé’s estimation raises this figure to at least 1.3 million “visibly” blacks, including sub-Saharan Africans, black Latinos, and Afro descendants. Born in Spain, that would be 2.7% of the population, or at least nine black lawmakers, if the 350-seat House of Representatives reflects the country’s diversity. There is now a black lawmaker.
Still, quotas or other measures to help tackle racial inequality were not even part of the debate, Toasijé said.
The show too little has affected Spain’s Roma, a community of 700,000 people who won historic victories in 2019 by grabbing four parliamentary seats close to a 1.5 percent share of the total population. But one of them failed to secure his seat in repeated elections.
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The situation has not improved for the descendants of Hispanics or Moroccan residents, who represent some of the largest non-white Hispanic groups, or more than 11% of overseas residents who are unable to run for regional elections. Or national level
Moha Gerehou, a Spanish journalist and anti-racism activist, said: “Structural racism” is life in Spain.
“It’s a lot to do with education because the main bottleneck is access to universities, resulting in low-paid and precarious employment, such as doing chores or reaping, which are severely exploited,” he said.
Gerehou, who recently published a book on growing up as a black man in the northern Spanish capital.
His description is mostly white countries that consider themselves racist and welcoming to immigrants, although many studies have found severe discrimination against people of color, especially in their work or at home.
“The problem is, the racial representation debate continues,” Gerehou said. “We have to go faster.”