But while the months-long interruption meeting between the two sides, success is expected to be anything but simple.
The meeting, to be held in Vienna, will be attended by senior officials of the six remaining countries on the deal after the US withdrawal in May 2018, including Britain, France, Germany, Russia, China and Iran. The Europeans will form a working group among the participants and act as liaison for the United States and Iran, who plan not to face one-on-one.
No schedule was announced. In an ideal world, the two sides would reach a deal within two months before Iran held the June presidential election.Hard-liners are popular to win and may push a tougher bargain.
“I think Biden̵7;s management made a miscalculation in slowing down the process,” Suzanne DiMaggio of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace said in a briefing for reporters. “But Vienna is an opportunity for a course correction.”
Biden officials disagreed that they dragged their feet, noting the new government was being spent on the domestic agenda and that Iran directly rejected offers to negotiate. Until recently, both Tehran and Washington had insisted that the other had taken steps first to return to the terms of the deal.
The issue moved forward after the United States offered indirect discussions and last week Iran agreed a proposal that the EU would host negotiations for separation of the chamber.
“We don’t expect direct negotiations with Iran at present, although we remain open to them. So we’ll have to see how things are going starting with the beginning of this week, ”Price said.
In public, Iran continues to reject the simultaneous, sequential steps in the performance expected by the administration. “We have only one step and not one step at a time. [lifting of sanctions,] And this one step includes lifting all sanctions imposed by the United States, ”Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh said at a Tehran news conference on Monday, according to Iran’s PressTV.
“Iran, on the other hand, is ready to reverse corrective measures, which have been brought due to opposition violations of the treaty,” Khatibzadeh said, reiterating the keynote in recent weeks by Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei.
“Obviously, if they stick to that position, we’re not going anywhere,” DiMaggio said. “My feeling is this is an auction,” and “Iranians will have to move back” to accept the action that is ready. Together, she said.
Iran’s “remedial measures” began a year after President Donald Trump withdrew from the deal nearly three years ago, including the start of higher levels of uranium enrichment permitted by the government. This deal and it brings an advanced centrifuge that is banned online. US officials now estimate that Iran’s “breakout time”, the time needed to collect sufficient fissile material for nuclear weapons, has been reduced to at least a year under that constraint, has been reduced to a minimum. A few months
Opponents of the US agreement have argued that the exponential increase in value has provided Iran with incalculable knowledge that there is no return to the original conditions that could be eliminated. Increased knowledge must be accepted. There’s nothing we can do about it, ”said Kelsey Davenport, the weapons control association’s director of non-control policy.
“The key question is whether it can be handled .. will the JCPOA’s interests remain unchanged,” she said of the so-called Comprehensive Plan of Action. “I will say for sure.”
For Iran, a return to the deal by cranking mothballing and flipping enriched uranium may be easier than urging the United States to return to the deal.
Chief among the complications were more than 1,500 sanctions and imposition that Trump piled on Iran after withdrawing from the deal, although he recalled nuclear-related measures that had been lifted under the deal.
Iran called for a return to the point when the deal was signed in 2015, but the deal applies to nuclear-related sanctions. Trump’s newly established measures have been imposed on a number of alleged offenses, ranging from nuclear weapons efforts – a target that Iran continues to deny – to expanding the Proxy support missile program. C. in regional battles
As they approach negotiations, U.S. officials have spent weeks trying to break up a web of Trump sanctions, in which supporters of the deal were deliberately recruited so that administration policy could not be changed. New Among them are counterterrorism measures against Iran’s central bank and the terrorism designation of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard, a branch of the Iranian military responsible for proxy and repression within the country.
“When Donald Trump violated the JCPOA … he implemented a policy of utmost pressure on Iran … which included all the punishments his team could think of, whether nuclear-related or not,” said Thomas Cant. Reeman, chairman of the board of directors of the Association of Arms Control and Career Diplomats, who serves as the Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security.
“Both the Trump administration officials and the regime change lobby here in Washington are very clear that the aim is to make it as difficult as possible for the inherited administration to lift sanctions. ”He said.