Mukesh Bhardwaj wept while sitting beside his wife, receiving free oxygen support for those with breathing problems outside Gurudwara (Sikh Temple) amid the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak in Ghaziabad, India, May 3, 2021.
Adnan Abidi | Reuters
The World Health Organization is closely monitoring 10 strains of the coronavirus that are “interested” or “worried” around the world, including two first detected in the United States and three mutated variants that wreak havoc in India as a result. It can pose a global public health threat.
New Covid-19 strains appear every day as the virus continues to mutate. But few make the WHO’s official watchlist a “variable of interest” or “concern”, typically referring to a mutated species. It is more contagious and more resistant to current vaccines and treatments.
The organization has identified three species of concern: B.1.1.7, which was first detected in the UK and is the most widespread to date across the United States. B.1.351 was first detected in South Africa and the variant. P.1 was first detected in Brazil.
One interesting variant is the B.1617, or three mutated strains, first discovered in India, but World Health Organization technical leader Maria Van Kerkhove said more studies are needed to better understand them. Absolute importance
“There are many strains of viruses that are being detected around the world, all of which we need to be assessed appropriately,” said Van Kerkhove. Spread of disease and other factors before they are reclassified as a new public health threat.
“Data is coming in fast and furiously,” she said. “There are new patterns every day that are identified and reported, not all of them are important.”
Another variant classified as an interesting variant was B.1525 which was first detected in the UK and Nigeria, B.1427 / B.1429 was first detected in the US, Grade 2 was first detected in Brazil. 3 First detected in Japan and the Philippines, the S477N was first detected in the US and B.1.616 was first detected in France.
Van Kerkhove said the classification was at least partially determined by the ranking of capabilities, which differ from country to country. “It’s really patchy,” she said.
She said the agency also wants local epidemiologists to be an extension of the agency’s “eyes and ears” to better understand the situation on the ground and identify other potentially dangerous patterns.
“It is important that we have appropriate discussions to determine what is important from public health values, which means that it will change our ability to implement social, public health or our medical countermeasures, or No, ”she said.
“We’re gathering the right people in the room to discuss what these mutations mean,” she said. “We want communities around the world to work together, and so are they.”
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also lists four variables of interest and five other concerns that are similar to the WHO’s list, although the CDC focuses primarily on the variables causing new outbreaks in the United States.
Van Kerkhove said many countries “There are worrisome prospects, worrisome signs of an increasing number of hospitalizations, hospital admissions rates and ICU rates in countries where vaccines are not yet accessible to the required level of coverage.” That will affect severe disease and death and transmission of infection.