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Trump pushed NASA to bring astronauts to the moon by 2024, it wouldn’t happen.

Now, as the Trump administration leaves in setbacks, it is clear the 2024 deadline will not meet its goals, and there appears to be no way to achieve it, despite White House support and efforts. In a massive lobbying by NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine.

In order to comply with the White House’s orders, which have been lifted to the moon since 2028, Bridgestone said the agency will need to spend $ 3.3 billion next year to build the first spacecraft capable of landing. On the moon since the Apollo era in the 1

960s, with Pence’s support, he dissolved the country and Congress Hall urged lawmakers to support the agency’s Artemis mission, which, while he Pledged in his campaign-like speech to make “The next man and the first woman on the moon”

Congress is past it – but it’s $ 850 million, missing all requests. So now, the 2024 goals will not meet all of them.

“In order to achieve the 2024 goal, everything in order to lead it needs to be done correctly,” said John Lockdon, professor emeritus at the George Washington University Space Policy Institute. Often doesn’t happen. “

The 2024 deadline “It’s been dead for a while. I’m not sure it will live forever,” he said. “It’s what we call trading an inspirational goal.” In other words, galvanizing entities that have not returned to the lunar surface since the last Apollo mission in 1972 and had just begun flying astronauts from American soil to Earth orbit.

“It helps NASA and its contractors be more focused on what they are doing,” Logsdon said.

In the midst of a tumultuous election, City Hall riots and a deadly epidemic, Biden has said nothing about his plans for the space program. The change team has yet to announce who will nominate an administrator, although Democrats say it is likely the first woman to hold the title under Biden.The agency will pay more attention to world science. Party officials said, noting that the party’s platform said, “We support NASA’s work to send Americans back to the moon and beyond Mars, taking another step in our exploration of the solar system.”

In an interview, Bridenstine, who will resign from NASA on January 20, will not yet announce the 2024 deadline, although he said that due to a shortage of funding, NASA “will have to return to the commission drawings.”

Still, the Artemis program “is going strong. It is extremely true that we are not getting every penny we request and that will allow us to reassess what the plan will ultimately be, “he said. Ligans and House Democrats in the House and Senate say we want to fund the human landing system of $ 850 million. That is a solid victory. ”

In addition to lobbying lawmakers, Bridenstine has been successful in dealing with a number of international partners in the endeavor, including Japan, Australia and Canada, who provided resources and signed a document called Artemis Accords, which governs upper and round behavior. Wayne Hale, a former NASA aviation director who is also NASA’s aviation director who is now chair of an advisory committee, said broad international coalitions such as those that control the International Space Station.

“This management has intelligently established Artemis Accords that bind us to other nations,” he said, “and that I think will continue to motivate the subsequent management to carry out that program.”

NASA also highlighted the astronauts who will fly on the Artemis mission, confronting the program and a hint of who the first woman to walk on the moon might be. But there are still many challenges that the Biden management will inherit.

Space Launch System, a large rocket from NASA that will fly astronauts to the moon, has never flown. And while the past few months have made great progress. But over the years, it has suffered a myriad of failures and delays and in excess of billions of dollars in costs. If all goes well in Saturday’s massive engine test, the first flight of the rocket, known as the Artemis I, is expected later this year, propelling the Orion spacecraft without astronauts on board on the round mission. The moon Then everything went well, and then it would have a crew of astronauts orbit the moon for Artemis II before Artemis III landed.

Since the rocket is the most complex, most powerful rocket ever built and has never flown before, the current schedule may be optimistic.

“NASA has without a doubt announced that Artemis I, II and III are going to go out without problems. If you look at the SLS, it is a very complex rocket,” said Homer Hickam, author and member of the Advisory Board of The National Space Council said, “Chances are it won’t work perfectly at the initial launch. And if it doesn’t work properly, would you really give the crew a second time? ”

NASA has awarded nearly $ 1 billion in contracts to three companies for developing the first spacecraft capable of landing astronauts on the lunar surface, a team led by Jeff Bezos’ Blue Origin, which includes Lockheed Martin, Northrop. Grumman and Draper were awarded $ 579 million, the highest amount (Bezos owns The Washington Post). Dynetics, which partnered with Sierra Nevada Corp., received $ 253 million and Elon Musk’s SpaceX received $ 135 million.

Those contracts will expire in February and its second phase, where NASA expects to eliminate at least one bidder and move on with others soon after. But some are feared to be delayed as Democrats take over and assess NASA’s programs.

Bridenstine said the delay could hinder the program’s momentum and he hopes it will not happen.

“I don’t think that will be in the interest of an agency or a program,” he said. “I’ve never heard of what they plan to do. But the goal is fast That’s how you build a successful program. ”

Although the contract is not delayed But he said the agency will have to reassess the 2024 timeline: “I think it’s important to give the team time to assess what the future holds”.

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