The Cambridge Archaeological Unit (CAU) found 52 burials when excavating Knobb’s Farm in Somersham, with 13 being buried face down.
The heads of many decapitated bodies were placed at their feet. and some even knelt down when they died. According to a research paper published online by Cambridge University Press in the journal Britannia earlier this month.
The Roman Empire ruled parts of Great Britain for approximately 400 years until 410 AD, and some cities still have medieval walls built partially from Roman fortifications.
Many of the corpses were in dire condition. Only some shadows But there were no signs of defensive injuries. and generally “lack of wounds”; directly before death. besides beheading Evidence that there has been a deceased
The number of beheaded bodies and easily overturned burials. When someone was buried face down, it was “extraordinarily tall” compared to other Roman tombs. all over the UK according to research studies The researchers added that 33% of their bodies were beheaded. compared to other cases Across the UK, which ranges from 2.5-6.1%
It’s not clear why partial burials are so likely, but “the practice can’t go wrong” as 13 people are buried this way, according to the research. Possible explanations include whether the person involved was a criminal or the family was ashamed of the deceased.
“DNA shows that there are nine different types of groups that come from different locations,” Isabel Lisboa, the project’s archeology adviser, told CNN on Monday.
“These settlements were extensive rural settlements that provided grain and meat to the Roman armies.”
It’s not clear why so many people were beheaded, but Lisboa said the most likely explanation was the execution of the crime. Another possibility is to perform rituals.
In the latter part of the Roman occupation of England The number of crimes with the death penalty increased from 14 to 60 as state insecurity became more pronounced. According to the research cited by this study
Lisboa, who is the director of Archaeologica Archeology consulting firm said. “Roman law seems to be applied particularly rigorously on Knobb’s farm because it pertains to the supply of the Roman army. So many heads were beheaded.”
“Normally crimes are released. But there may be tensions with the Roman army.”
Most of the skeletons are believed to belong to adults over 25, with multiple signs of anemia and tooth decay, according to research.
Fifteen tombs include pots and small pottery, such as beakers dating from the 3rd and 4th centuries. Archaeologists also found a comb in one of the holes that may have been in the woman’s hair when she was beheaded.
There have been settlements in the area throughout Roman times with peak activity between 250 AD and 325 AD, according to research.
CAU field operations at Knobb’s Farm from 2004 to 2010.