Washington – President Donald J. Trump declared in September the “dawn of the new Middle East.”
Trump said at the White House announcing a new diplomatic partnership between Israel and its Gulf neighbors Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates.
“After decades of divide and conflict,” Trump said, with regional leaders reruning in his later campaign ads, the Abraham Accords are laying “the foundation for a nationwide peace.”
Eight months later, the peace remains a distant hope, especially for the Middle East̵7;s most notorious intractable conflict, a conflict between Israel and Palestinians. In a fiery setting reminiscent of the Old Middle East, the conflict has entered its bloodiest phase in seven years and is reviving criticism of Mr Trump’s approach while raising questions about the future of the deal. As President Biden faces the role the US should be Play now in the region
Mr Trump’s approach is to avoid challenges in easing tensions between Israel and Palestinians to promote closer ties between Israel and some of the Sunni Arab states, largely due to shared concerns. About Iran
The deal he helped negotiate was widely viewed as showing a waning interest on the part of Israel’s Arab neighbors in supporting Palestinians, giving Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu a latitude. More and more in implementing strategies that intensify Israeli-Palestinian tensions.
“It is very difficult for anyone who knows the region to believe that the signing of the Abraham Agreement will be a breakthrough for peace,” said Sahah Hassan, a Carnegie Endowment for International Peace associate who specializes in the issue. Palestine said.
Valina Sir, a professor at the Johns Hopkins School of International Studies, said the agreement was “based on the idea that the Palestinian problem was dead” and rewarded him with a strong approach. Netanyahu in support of Israeli settlement activities and Other extensive territorial claims
“This proves his theory that you can have land and peace,” Nasr said.
A former Trump official said, however, exaggerated former presidents charged the Abraham Accords, which were later extended to Morocco and Sudan, they were never viewed as a means of ending the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
The agreement, on the other hand, extended partially or completely normal trade and diplomatic relations between Israel and the four Arab states, rather than blaming the Palestinians, showing that their cause did not define ties. In the region.
Sunni Arab rulers, angered by the Palestinian leaders and for many years in a quiet alliance with Israel against Iranian Shia.
Jason Greenblatt, who served as Trump’s Middle East ambassador until October 2019, argued that the current incident of violence in and around Israel “underscores why the Abraham Accords is so necessary for” the need for a “war”. This region “
After Palestinian leaders rejected Trump’s January 2020 peace plan proposed to create a Palestinian state on the terms so much needed by Israel’s demands, the pact had “separated” the Israeli-Palestinian conflict from the conflict. Israel’s relationship with the Arab world was deliberate.
They “took the right to deter the Palestinians to keep the region going,” he added.
Others noted that, prior to agreeing to the deal, the United Arab Emirates pulled Netanyahu from its pledge to suspend West Bank annexation, a move that “ has not yet been established. ” It has the potential to counter the massive Palestinian uprising. (Trump officials also oppose the annex, and Netanyahu may not comply regardless)
Dennis Ross, a former Middle Eastern peace negotiator who served under three presidents, called the deal a milestone for the region. But it said the violence in Israel’s cities and Gaza Strip illustrates “how the Palestinian problem can still cause frustration” over Israel’s relationship with Israel. Arab neighbor
“The idea that this is The ‘peace of our time’ apparently ignores the conflicts that exist in the region. It’s not between Israel and the Arab states, ”said Mr. Ross.
Most analysts say the deal – which Biden executive officials say they support and want to expand to include more countries – could survive the current violence. Ultimately, officials involved in the development of the deal said no one was under the illusion that such clashes were in the past.
But the image of the Israeli police crackdown on the Arabs in Jerusalem and the escalating air strikes that topple Gaza has clearly caused stress.
In a statement last week, the UAE’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a It “strongly condemned” Israel’s proposed evictions in East Jerusalem and the police attacks on Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa Mosque, in which Israeli officials said Palestinians had hoarded stones to be thrown at Israeli police.
Last month, the United Arab Emirates also condemned “acts of violence committed by occupied right-wing extremists in occupied East Jerusalem” and warned that the region could “slip into a new level of instability in nature. That threatens peace “
Bahrain and other Gulf states have condemned Israel in a similar tone. A statement on Friday from UAE Minister of Foreign Affairs Abdullah bin Zayed al-Nahyan called on “all sides”, not just Israel, to exercise restraint and to take action to halt. shoot
One former Trump official argued that public pressure on Israel, with countries such as the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain, weighed more after the deal was brought on by a recently formulated diplomatic alliance. No government, however, is an associate to the agreement, that played a key role in efforts to end the ceasefire – a responsibility that Egypt and Qatar had previously assumed.
“It is an Arab, not Abraham-Accord, who will play a key role in ending this conflict,” said Aaron David Miller, a former Israeli-Arab adviser under the state’s six secretary general.
Last month, at an event organized by the Israeli Embassy in Washington, DC, Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken said the Biden’s administration “welcomes and supports” the Abraham Accords, and he expects “Israeli friends to be able to meet the demands of Israel.” Expand more in the next year “
But there were dozens of deaths and hundreds of injuries. But then, mostly Palestinians, analysts said the prospect of other Arab nations joining the deal was murky.
“I would say that it is highly unlikely that you would have anyone else participating in the deal,” said Mr. Nasr. “It would have lost a lot of momentum and energy.”
One country seen as a potential candidate, Saudi Arabia has come out with the harshest condemnation of Israel in recent days. The Saudi Foreign Ministry’s statement called on the international community to “seize the profession of Israel, be responsible for this uplift and immediately halt all escalating actions that violate international norms and law.”
Some Biden analysts and executive officials said the deal was the culmination of a four-year Trump policy embracing and empowering Netanyahu and separating the Palestinians. They said Mr Trump’s approach was all reduced hopes for negotiating a two-state solution that many previous American presidents have pursued, and formally balance power from the Palestinian leader to the bloc’s extremists. Hamas in the Gaza Strip
Ilan Goldenberg, a former Obama administration official, admits that Israel has clashed with the Palestinians under the Democratic administration, who have taken a more consistent approach to the conflict than Israel’s less supportive stance. Mr. Trump
And he said the opportunistic missile strike hit Israel by Hamas after the outbreak of Jewish-Arab violence in Jerusalem was not Mr Trump’s fault.
But Goldenberg argues that the current domestic violence of Israel “is at least partly driven by the fact that the Trump administration supports radicals in Israel every step of the way,” including the resettlement movement of Israel. Israel
For example, in November 2019, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo changed a longstanding US policy, declaring that the US does not consider an Israeli settlement in the West Bank a violation of international law (the Biden administration intends to reverse that position when Completed investigation by a government lawyer)
“You’ve got David Friedman” – Trump’s ambassador to Jerusalem – “Smash the sanctuary walls with a sledgehammer and say it’s Israelites,” said Goldenberg.
Mr Trump also moved the U.S. embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, officially acknowledging the city as Israel’s capital in a move that angered Palestinians who expect East Jerusalem to come. Long will be the capital of the future state in which they set up.
“Trump opened the door for Israel to speed up the demolition of houses, speed up settlement activities,” Ms Hassan said, “and when that happens and you see Israel doing it, that’s when you see Palestinian resistance.”
A former Trump official noted that experts had predicted a Palestinian eruption during Trump’s tenure, especially after the embassy move never took place, and suggested a friendly approach to the Palestinians. Biden’s revival – including the revival of humanitarian aid canceled by Trump – gave them the courage to challenge Israel.
Even some Trump administration officials have said recommendations from Trump and others who saw the deal exaggerate peace in the Middle East.
“During my time at the White House, I always urged people not to use the word,” said Greenblatt.