According to Nat Geographic, the rapid turbulence in Antarctica has made the waters unique and worthy of its name. that is the southern ocean
Correction and clarification: An earlier version of this story misled the name of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
For the first time in over a century there is a new ocean on the map.
According to National Geographic, which announced Tuesday it has officially recognized the source of water around Antarctica as the Southern Ocean. making it the fifth ocean beside the Arctic, Atlantic, Indian and Pacific.
“The Southern Ocean has long been recognized by scientists. But since there has never been an international agreement So we never officially accepted it,” Alex Tate, a geographer at the National Geographic Society, told the magazine.
The new ocean extends in a ring from Antarctica’s coastline to 60 degrees south latitude, according to National Geographic, and differs from other oceans by current, not by continent. The area is slightly larger than the United States, according to the Central Intelligence Agency website. twice as much
in general The society will follow the name International Hydrographic Organization, and although the IHO accepted the Southern Ocean as a practice in 1937, it repealed the designation in 1953 and has not yet reinstated.
But the US Board on Geographic Names has been using the Southern Ocean name since 1999, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. accepted in February
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Why change now? This is due to conservation efforts around the Southern Ocean.
The Southern Ocean “encompasses unique and fragile marine ecosystems. It is home to wonderful marine life such as whales, penguins and seals.” Geographic at the villa, Enric Sala told the magazine.
The journal reports that Thousands of species live in the Southern Ocean and nowhere else. And the impact of fisheries in the region has been felt for decades.
And scientists are expressing concern about how climate change is changing the Southern Ocean. last month The largest iceberg in the world which is three times larger than Los Angeles. separated from Antarctica in February Another iceberg bigger than New York City broke.
The current leading to recognition is the Antarctic Circulating Current. Transport as much water as possible from any electricity. and drives a global circulating system that sends heat around the world, according to National Geographic.
The biggest impact from the change will be on the study, Tait told the magazine.
“Students will learn information about the world of the ocean through what you are studying in the oceans,” he said. You will not learn the specifics of that ocean and its importance.”
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