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What is Israel’s Iron Dome and how does it work?



Israeli soldiers’ aces in the gaping breach from Palestinian militants in Gaza are the imposing Iron Dome air defense systems.

“More than 1,050 rockets have been launched into Israel and the Iron Dome has an 85 to 90 percent interception rate, although the Hamas terrorist organization tries to dominate the system,” said Lieutenant Colonel Ben Rossner, spokesman for the Israeli Defense Forces. Addressed to The Post on Wednesday

The military said many rockets were unable to reach the Jewish state, crashing into the Gaza Strip instead.

The defense system was developed by Israel’s Rafael Advanced Defense Systems and Israel Aerospace Industries with US financial and technical support to protect populated areas and critical assets from short-range air threats, the Washington Post. report

The Iron Dome air defense system battery is seen in the foreground (left) at the Ashkelon refinery on May 12, 2021, which was fired by a Hamas rocket the day before in the southern Israeli city.
The Iron Dome air defense system battery was seen in the foreground (left) at the Ashkelon refinery on May 12, 2021, which was fired by a Hamas group rocket the day before.
Jack Guez / AFP via Getty Images

It was first introduced in 2011 near the southern city of Beersheva, about 25 miles from Gaza, to combat Soviet-designed Grad rockets fired from Palestinian territory, according to Agence France-Presse.

AFP reports that Israel has 10 Iron Dome batteries.

Israel's Iron Dome air defense system intercepts a rocket launched from Gaza on May 11, 2021.
Israel’s Iron Dome air defense system intercepts a rocket launched from Gaza on May 11, 2021.
Jack Guez / AFP via Getty Images

Each battery has a radar detection and tracking system, fire control system and three launchers for 20 missiles, each with a range of between 2.5 and 44 miles.

The two split systems – David’s sling and arrows – are designed to protect against threats such as planes, drones, rockets and missiles, according to the Washington Post.

Israeli anti-rocket protection system Iron Dome is operated on rockets fired from Gaza on May 11, 2021.
Israeli anti-rocket protection system Iron Dome is operated on rockets fired from Gaza on May 11, 2021.
Abir Sultan / EPA

They immediately determine whether incoming projectiles are a threat and interceptors from mobile or stationary launch sites, only if the incoming rockets are at risk of hitting populated areas. Or critical infrastructure according to the report

The interceptors are designed to defuse rockets entering the air.

The light streak, seen as Israel's Iron Dome anti-missile system, intercepted a rocket over Ashkelon on May 12, 2021.
The light streak, seen as Israel’s Iron Dome anti-missile system, intercepted a rocket over Ashkelon on May 12, 2021.
Amir Cohen / Reuters

Moshe Patel, head of the Israel Defense Ministry’s Homa Directorate, told Israel Hayom in a right-wing document that the system had “anti-ballistic capabilities, drones and much more,” as well as “threats that were not even on the field at times. This, however, will likely happen in the next few months. “

The system has left many residents of southern Israel parallels amid a number of conflicts – although shelter will be rushed when sirens warn of an impending attack.

A rocket launched from Gaza, controlled by the Palestinian Hamas movement, was intercepted by the Israeli Iron Dome air defense system on May 11, 2021.
A rocket launched from Gaza, controlled by the Palestinian Hamas movement, was intercepted by the Israeli Iron Dome air defense system on May 11, 2021.
Mahmud Hams / AFP via Getty Images

Michael Armstrong, an associate professor at Brock University who studied Iron Dome performance, wrote in 2019 in the interest of the nation, “no missile defense system is perfectly reliable, especially against evolving threats,” the Washington Post. report

And some Israelis say the government is overly reliant on Iron Dome and is not using enough resources on other measures, including shelters, according to the Washington Post.

Citizens took protection, while Israel's Iron Dome air defense system intercepted rockets launched from Gaza.
Citizens took protection, while Israel’s Iron Dome air defense system intercepted rockets launched from Gaza.
Jack Guez / AFP via Getty Images

“The house is not protected and it is not true to go to a neighborhood accommodation, especially when the cargo ships are continuous,” Ashkelon resident Guy Mann told Army Radio of the United States. Israel on Tuesday after his building was hit by a rocket.

“We can only rely on Iron Dome and luck,” he said.


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