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When hesitant about the COVID-19 vaccine, some people change their minds.

Although 150 million people have received the COVID-19 vaccine, 34% of Americans are reluctant to get the vaccine and say they are not sure or don’t need it, according to a recent Kaiser survey.

But some who are reluctant to get the vaccine are changing their minds, they told ABC News.

Haifa Palazzo, 68-year-old Ohio grandmother, doesn’t believe in vaccines. But as she said she chose to “wait and see,” she said she was suffering from severe COVID-19 and was hospitalized at the Cleveland Clinic for two months.

She said at one point the doctor told her family to say her last goodbye. It is now well recovered and fully vaccinated. Palazzo encourages everyone who will listen to the filming.

“Wait no more,” Palazzo said. She said the previous hesitations were due to the belief that “nothing can happen to me, right?”

The rapid development of the COVID-19 vaccine is possible because decades of previous scientific studies have demonstrated its safety, including an unprecedented multi-billion dollar commitment by the federal government to accelerate the development of the COVID-19 vaccine. Research

“If I can help one person with what I go through, it’s worth it,” Palazzo said, “then if they can shoot, they might tell a friend or family member and it might expand from there. I hope and hope. “

Different worries lie in the mind of Dr. Julius Johnson, a professional nurse practitioner and president of the Greater NYC Black Nurses Association.

“As a black person, I was hesitant about healthcare,” said Johnson. “Because we’ve been treated in the past.” US history is full of examples of black Americans and minorities who need unethical medical treatment.

Although initially skeptical of the COVID-19 vaccine, Johnson said he was more comfortable when he understood more about how to test the vaccine in more than 100,000 people from all three vaccines and saw people in his community. Get vaccinated

The vaccine was also tested on a diverse group of tens of thousands of volunteers from all races, ethnic backgrounds and life experiences.

Ultimately, Johnson said he decided it was more important to set an example for his family, community and healthcare colleagues. Now, he says he is educating others who are reluctant to get vaccines and tells ABC News that he wants people in his community to understand. “The truth about vaccines … their effectiveness … how they are made” and “the positive surrounding” they say they want people to be able to do it. “Make informed decisions”

Johnson said he also helped build trust by operating local vaccination sites.

“They look at us and say it’s nice to meet someone who looks like us… which increases their trust,” says Johnson. “As our people who vaccinated us, we can trust them. He can “

For others, reluctance does not come from history. Rather ask questions about the vaccine itself.

That was the case for a Mississippi nurse practitioner named Smith, who discovered she was pregnant two months prior to the COVID-19 vaccine.She asked ABC News to not disclose her full name for privacy reasons.

“At first I was hesitant,” she said. “There were no specific studies with pregnant mothers. There isn’t enough research behind that section. “

But when new data shows that the vaccine is safe for pregnant mothers and their babies, Smith said she decided there was a greater risk of not being vaccinated and at risk of contracting the COVID-19 virus. Meanwhile, she said, it is backed up by evidence that vaccinated pregnant mothers will deliver some of the antibodies to the baby while pregnant and through milk.

“If there’s any chance I can give her an antibody vaccine, I want to do that,” she said. “I feel more protected, I’ve done what I need to do to protect myself and my baby.”

Alex Carlson, a 26-year-old physical therapist who lives with lupus, said she was concerned about how the vaccine would affect her immune system. Like many pregnant women, whose immunity is excluded from initial vaccine studies.

Carlson said she found confidence by reviewing the research herself, not relying solely on the media, and by speaking with her colleagues, including her arthritis practitioner, who “It is very supportive, although there is no research available for people with immune deficiency,” she said.

“And I get it,” Carlson said about the novel coronavirus vaccine.

Although the extent of protection for people with low immunity is not well understood. But medical experts agree that preventing COVID-19 through vaccination is better than none. Carlson told ABC News she had to sign a waiver, admitting that there was a lack of research on people with immunocompromised cases when she was vaccinated.

“But I had no problem signing that, because, as I said, I’ve done a lot of research … I feel good about it one way or another,” she said.

Others delayed vaccination because they felt they were unlikely to be very ill from COVID-19.Jacob Clifton, who works as a crop consultant in Arkansas, said he slowed down the registration for shooting when he had. Right because he saw himself in a low-risk job and was young and healthy. But healthy people can also pass it easily. Experts say the virus to others.

“I just … want the people on the high list to get it before I do,” Clifton said.

Meanwhile, his wife, Hailey, said she was concerned because she had heard unfounded rumors that the vaccine could lead to infertility.

The couple eventually got vaccinated, said emergency room nurse Hailey Clifton, she relied on a colleague’s advice at the hospital as well as advice from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

Her place of work, St Bernard’s Medical Center, also hosts videoconferencing with staff and the OBGYN department to provide vaccine education.

Cliftons now told ABC they no longer have to worry when they are with their almost 2-year-old son and family.

Ohio grandmother Haifa Palazzo said there is a reason some people have questions about the COVID-19 vaccine, but relying on accurate information and reliable resources can help people make informed decisions and help stop them. Outbreak “So that we can get closer to our normal life and activities,” she said.

“We have to be there like the soldiers are there for war,” Palazzo said. “Nurses are on the front line, doctors, we have to do our job – to get vaccines.”

Dr. Jed A. Coburn, a Baltimore pediatric resident who entered the field of preventive medicine, is a sponsor of ABC News’s medical unit.

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